Arachidonate 8S-lipoxygenase - O35936 (ALOX8_MOUSE)

 

Protein Feature View of PDB entries mapped to a UniProtKB sequence  

 
Function
Non-heme iron-containing dioxygenase that catalyzes the stereo-specific peroxidation of free and esterified polyunsaturated fatty acids generating a spectrum of bioactive lipid mediators. Catalyzes the peroxidation of arachidonate and linoleate into (8S)-HPETE and (9S)-HPODE respectively. From arachidonate mainly produces (8S)-HPETE and in addition, minor products derived from (8S)-HPETE itself that may include leukotriene A4 and 8,15-diHPETE. With arachidonate as substrate, has no detectable 15S-lipoxygenase activity and only displays a 8S-lipoxygenase activity. However, it may have a 15S-lipoxygenase activity with (8S)-HPETE to produce (8S,15S)-diHPETE. May also catalyze (15S)-HPETE peroxidation to produce 8,15-diHPETE. May play a role in keratinocyte differentiation through activation of the peroxisome proliferator activated receptor signaling pathway. UniProt
Catalytic Activity
5Z,8Z,11Z,14Z-eicosatetraenoate + O2 = 8S-hydroperoxy-5Z,9E,11Z,14Z-eicosatetraenoate UniProt
Pathway Maps
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Domain
The PLAT domain can bind calcium ions; this promotes association with membranes. UniProt
  • Other Gene names: Alox8, Alox15b
This protein in other organisms (by gene name):
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Data origin/color codes
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Data in green originates from UniProtKB  
Variation data (sourced from UniProt) shows non-genetic variation from the ExPASy   and dbSNP   websites.
Data in yellow originates from Pfam  , by interacting with the HMMER3 web site  
Data in purple originates from Phosphosite  .
Data in orange originates from the SCOP   (version 1.75) and SCOPe   (version 2.04) classifications.
Data in grey has been calculated using BioJava  . Protein disorder predictions are based on JRONN (Troshin, P. and Barton, G. J. unpublished), a Java implementation of RONN  
  • Red: potentially disorderd region
  • Blue: probably ordered region.
Hydropathy has been calculated using a sliding window of 15 residues and summing up scores from standard hydrophobicity tables.
  • Red: hydrophobic
  • Blue: hydrophilic.
Data in lilac represent the genomic exon structure projected onto the UniProt sequence.
Data in blue originates from PDB
  • Secstruc: Secondary structure projected from representative PDB entries onto the UniProt sequence.
Sequence Mismatches It is now possible to see information about expression tags, cloning artifacts, and many other details related to sequence mismatches.
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Validation Track

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Data in red indicates combined ranges of Homology Models from the SWISS-MODEL Repository  
The PDB to UniProt mapping is based on the data provided by the EBI SIFTS project. See also Velankar et al., Nucleic Acids Research 33, D262-265 (2005).
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