Protein argonaute 1 - O04379 (AGO1_ARATH)


Protein Feature View of PDB entries mapped to a UniProtKB sequence  

  • Number of PDB entries for O04379: 7
Involved in RNA-mediated post-transcriptional gene silencing (PTGS). Main component of the RNA-induced silencing complex (RISC) that binds to a short guide RNA such as microRNA (miRNA) or small interfering RNA (siRNA). RISC uses the mature miRNA or siRNA as a guide for slicer-directed cleavage of homologous mRNAs to repress gene expression. Requires DRB1 for directional loading of the small RNA duplex (guide stand and passenger strand) onto RISC for passenger strand degradation. Unlike animal RISC that associates in high molecular weight complex, Arabidopsis RISC is probably composed only of the AGO1 protein and associated RNA without any other proteins. Associates mainly with miRNAs of 21 nucleotide in length and preferentially recruits small RNAs with a 5' terminal uridine. Associates with 22 nucleotide miRNAs to trigger RDR6-dependent secondary siRNAs biogenesis. This pathway amplifies silencing by using the target RNA as substrate to generate secondary siRNAs. Binds to miR168 which targets its own mRNA for repression, establishing a homeostatic regulatory loop. Involved in antiviral RNA silencing by contributing to viral RNA clearance. Is capable of targeting viral RNAs with more compact structures than AGO7 which favors less structured RNA targets. May not associate with 24 nucleotide siRNAs involved in chromatin silencing. Essential for multiple processes in development. Essential for proper development of leaves and floral organs, and formation of axillary meristems. Like AGO10, required for stem cell function and organ polarity. (data source: UniProt  )
Subunit structure
Interacts with turnip yellows virus (TuYV) protein P0 (via F-box-like domain); this interaction targets AGO1 for degradation, and thereby suppresses its function in silencing. Interacts with turnip crinkle virus (TCV) capsid protein P38 (via GW motifs); these interactions inhibit RNA silencing ability of AGO1. Interacts (via PAZ domain) with cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) protein 2b; these interactions inhibit AGO1 function in RNA silencing. Interacts with SDE3. (data source: UniProt  )
Other Gene names: AGO1 At1g48410 F11A17.3 T1N15.2
Isoforms: 2, currently showing only the 'canonical' sequence.
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The vertical color bar on the left side indicates data provenance.
Data in green originates from UniProtKB  
Data in yellow originates from Pfam  , by interacting with the HMMER3 web site  
Data in purple originates from Phosphosite  .
Data in orange originates from the SCOP   (version 1.75) and SCOPe   (version 2.04) classifications.
Data in grey has been calculated using BioJava  . Protein disorder predictions are based on JRONN (Troshin, P. and Barton, G. J. unpublished), a Java implementation of RONN  
  • Red: potentially disorderd region
  • Blue: probably ordered region.
Hydropathy has been calculated using a sliding window of 15 residues and summing up scores from standard hydrophobicity tables.
  • Red: hydrophobic
  • Blue: hydrophilic.
Data in lilac represent the genomic exon structure projected onto the UniProt sequence.
Data in blue originates from PDB
  • Secstruc: Secondary structure projected from representative PDB entries onto the UniProt sequence.
Data in red indicates combined ranges of Homology Models from SBKB   and the Protein Model Portal  
The PDB to UniProt mapping is based on the data provided by the EBI SIFTS project. See also Velankar et al., Nucleic Acids Research 33, D262-265 (2005).
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