Krev interaction trapped protein 1 - O00522 (KRIT1_HUMAN)


Protein Feature View of PDB entries mapped to a UniProtKB sequence  

Number of PDB entries for O00522: 7
Component of the CCM signaling pathway which is a crucial regulator of heart and vessel formation and integrity (By similarity). Negative regulator of angiogenesis. Inhibits endothelial proliferation, apoptosis, migration, lumen formation and sprouting angiogenesis in primary endothelial cells. Promotes AKT phosphorylation in a NOTCH-dependent and independent manner, and inhibits ERK1/2 phosphorylation indirectly through activation of the DELTA-NOTCH cascade. Acts in concert with CDH5 to establish and maintain correct endothelial cell polarity and vascular lumen and these effects are mediated by recruitment and activation of the Par polarity complex and RAP1B. Required for the localization of phosphorylated PRKCZ, PARD3, TIAM1 and RAP1B to the cell junction, and cell junction stabilization. Plays a role in integrin signaling via its interaction with ITGB1BP1; this prevents the interaction between ITGB1 and ITGB1BP1. Microtubule-associated protein that binds to phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2)-containing membranes in a GTP-bound RAP1-dependent manner. Plays an important role in the maintenance of the intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) homeostasis to prevent oxidative cellular damage. Regulates the homeostasis of intracellular ROS through an antioxidant pathway involving FOXO1 and SOD2. Facilitates the down-regulation of cyclin-D1 (CCND1) levels required for cell transition from proliferative growth to quiescence by preventing the accumulation of intracellular ROS through the modulation of FOXO1 and SOD2 levels. (data source: UniProt  )
Subunit structure
Interacts with CDH5 (By similarity). Found in a complex, at least composed of ITGB1BP1, KRIT1 and RAP1A. Interacts (via C-terminus FERM domain) with RAP1A (active GTP-bound form preferentially); the interaction does not induce the opening conformation of KRIT1. Interacts (via FERM domain) with RAP1B. Interacts (via N-terminus NPXY motif) with ITGB1BP1; the interaction induces the opening conformation of KRIT1 and competes with ITGB1 for ITGB1BP1 interaction. Interacts with HEG1 and CCM2; greatly facilitates CCM2-binding to HEG1. Associates (via N-terminus and C-terminus regions) with microtubules; the interaction is inhibited in presence of ITGB1BP1 and active GTP-bound RAP1A. (data source: UniProt  )
The N-terminal domain has structural similarity to the nudix hydrolase domain, despite the absence of a nudix box and low sequence similarity with nudix hydrolase domains. The N-terminus and the C-terminus part associate together via the NPAY binding motif and adopt a lose conformation that is disrupted by ITGB1BP1, but not by RAP1A. (data source: UniProt  )
Gene names: Gene View for KRIT1 CCM1
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Data origin/color codes
The vertical color bar on the left side indicates data provenance.
Data in green originates from UniProtKB  
Data in yellow originates from Pfam  , by interacting with the HMMER3 web site  
Data in orange originates from the SCOP   (version 1.75) and SCOPe   (version 2.04) classifications.
Data in grey has been calculated using BioJava  . Protein disorder predictions are based on JRONN (Troshin, P. and Barton, G. J. unpublished), a Java implementation of RONN  
  • Red: potentially disorderd region
  • Blue: probably ordered region.
Hydropathy has been calculated using a sliding window of 15 residues and summing up scores from standard hydrophobicity tables.
  • Red: hydrophobic
  • Blue: hydrophilic.
Data in lilac represent the genomic exon structure projected onto the UniProt sequence.
Data in blue originates from PDB
  • Secstruc: Secondary structure projected from representative PDB entries onto the UniProt sequence.
Data in red indicates combined ranges of Homology Models from SBKB   and the Protein Model Portal  

The PDB to UniProt mapping is based on the data provided by the EBI SIFTS project. See also Velankar et al., Nucleic Acids Research 33, D262-265 (2005).