Endoribonuclease ToxN - B8X8Z0 (TOXN_PECAT)


Protein Feature View of PDB entries mapped to a UniProtKB sequence  

  • Number of PDB entries for B8X8Z0: 3
Toxic component of a type III toxin-antitoxin (TA) system. An endoribonuclease which is active independently of the ribosome, cleaving between the second and third A of AAA(U/G) sequences, although not all occurrences of this tetranucleotide are cleaved (PubMed:23267117). Digests many mRNA species, including its own transcript and its cognate antitoxin RNA ToxI. ToxI has 5.5 nearly identical 36 nucleotide-long repeats (a single repeat neutralizes the toxin in vivo); a single repeat folds into a pseudoknot which binds the toxin (PubMed:21240270). The ToxI precursor RNA is a preferential target in vivo and is progressively degraded to single repeat lengths as ToxN-ToxI complex self-assembly occurs (PubMed:23267117). In vivo expression of ToxI antitoxin inhibits endonuclease activity of ToxN (PubMed:23267117). The toxin alone inhibits growth when expressed in E.coli without causing cell lysis; this bacteriostatic effect is neutralized by cognate RNA antitoxin ToxI (PubMed:19124776, PubMed:23267117). Non-cognate antitoxin RNA from B.thuringiensis does not inhibit this toxin (PubMed:23267117). The RNA antitoxin is less stable than the proteinaceous toxin; synthesis of ToxI in the absence of new ToxN synthesis restores growth and also detectable accumulation of the ToxN protein (PubMed:19124776). Negatively regulates its own operon in complex with ToxI (PubMed:19633081). The toxin-antitoxin system functions in plasmid maintenance (a plasmid addiction system) (PubMed:23267117). UniProt
Pathway Maps
      ESCHER  BiGG
Subunit Structure
One ToxN monomer binds to a 36-nt-long single repeat of the ToxI RNA; this complex forms a triangular heterohexameric complex with ToxN connected by the ToxI RNA to another toxin molecule. The ToxI repeat forms a pseudoknot which occludes the toxin active site. Interaction of ToxI with ToxN partially inhibits the latter's endoribonuclease activity in vitro (PubMed:21240270). The complex self-assembles in vitro with either full-length or processed single repeats; during the process the precursor is processed (PubMed:23267117). UniProt
  • Organism: Erwinia carotovora subsp. atroseptica
  • Length:
  • UniProt
  • Other Gene names: toxN
This protein in other organisms (by gene name):
The Protein Feature View requires a browser that supports SVG (Scalable Vector Graphics). Mouse over tracks and labels for more information.
Data origin/color codes
The vertical color bar on the left side indicates data provenance.
Data in green originates from UniProtKB  
Variation data (sourced from UniProt) shows non-genetic variation from the ExPASy   and dbSNP   websites.
Data in yellow originates from Pfam  , by interacting with the HMMER3 web site  
Data in purple originates from Phosphosite  .
Data in orange originates from the SCOP   (version 1.75) and SCOPe   (version 2.04) classifications.
Data in grey has been calculated using BioJava  . Protein disorder predictions are based on JRONN (Troshin, P. and Barton, G. J. unpublished), a Java implementation of RONN  
  • Red: potentially disorderd region
  • Blue: probably ordered region.
Hydropathy has been calculated using a sliding window of 15 residues and summing up scores from standard hydrophobicity tables.
  • Red: hydrophobic
  • Blue: hydrophilic.
Data in lilac represent the genomic exon structure projected onto the UniProt sequence.
Data in blue originates from PDB
  • Secstruc: Secondary structure projected from representative PDB entries onto the UniProt sequence.
Sequence Mismatches It is now possible to see information about expression tags, cloning artifacts, and many other details related to sequence mismatches.
Icons represent a number of different sequence modifications that can be observed in PDB files. For example the 'T' icon T represents expression tags that have been added to the sequence. The 'E' icon E represents an engineered mutation. However, besides these two, there are many other icons. For more information about the meaning and exact position of a sequence modification, move the cursor over the icon.
Validation Track

For more details on the Validation Track (Structure Summary Page only) see the dedicated help page.

Data in red indicates combined ranges of Homology Models from SBKB   and the Protein Model Portal  
The PDB to UniProt mapping is based on the data provided by the EBI SIFTS project. See also Velankar et al., Nucleic Acids Research 33, D262-265 (2005).
Organism icons generated by flaticon.com under CC BY. The authors are: Freepik, Icons8, OCHA, Scott de Jonge.

For more details on the Protein Feature view see the dedicated help page.