Piwi-like protein Siwi - A8D8P8 (SIWI_BOMMO)


Protein Feature View of PDB entries mapped to a UniProtKB sequence  

Endoribonuclease that plays a central role during spermatogenesis by repressing transposable elements and preventing their mobilization, which is essential for the germline integrity (PubMed:19460866, PubMed:27693359). Plays an essential role in meiotic differentiation of spermatocytes, germ cell differentiation and in self-renewal of spermatogonial stem cells (PubMed:19460866, PubMed:25558067, PubMed:27693359). Its presence in oocytes suggests that it may participate in similar functions during oogenesis in females (PubMed:18191035). Acts via the piRNA metabolic process, which mediates the repression of transposable elements during meiosis by forming complexes composed of piRNAs and Piwi proteins and govern the methylation and subsequent repression of transposons (PubMed:19460866, PubMed:25558067, PubMed:27693359). Directly binds piRNAs, a class of 24 to 30 nucleotide RNAs that are generated by a Dicer-independent mechanism and are primarily derived from transposons and other repeated sequence elements (PubMed:19460866, PubMed:25558067, PubMed:27693359). Recognizes piRNAs containing a phosphate at the 5'-end and a 2'-O-methylation modification at the 3'-end (PubMed:27693359). Strongly prefers a uridine in the first position of their guide (g1U preference, also named 1U-bias) and a complementary adenosine in the target (t1A bias) (PubMed:24757166, PubMed:27693359). Plays a key role in the piRNA amplification loop, also named ping-pong amplification cycle: antisense piRNA-bound Siwi and sense piRNA-bound Ago3 reciprocally cleave complementary transcripts, to couple the amplification of piRNAs with the repression of transposable elements. In this process Siwi acts as a 'slicer-competent' piRNA endoribonuclease that cleaves primary piRNAs, which are then loaded onto Ago3 (PubMed:27693359). In this process, Siwi requires the RNA unwinding activity of the RNA helicase Vasa for the release of the cleavage products (PubMed:25558067). UniProt
Pathway Maps
      ESCHER  BiGG
Subunit Structure
Interacts (when symmetrically methylated) with Papi/TDRKH (PubMed:23970546, PubMed:26919431). Interacts with Vasa (PubMed:25558067). UniProt
Shows a strong structural resemblance to the argonaute/Ago subfamily. The domains (N, PAZ, MID and PIWI) and linkers (L0, L1, and L2) assemble into a typical bi-lobed (N-PAZ lobe and MID-PIWI lobe) architecture, in which the 5' and 3' ends of the bound piRNA are anchored by the MID-PIWI and PAZ domains, respectively. However, the relative orientation of these two lobes differs significantly between Siwi and the Ago-clade proteins: the N-PAZ lobe in Siwi rotates significantly downward. Additional hinge motions between N and PAZ domains exist, due to a distinct set of contacts at the interface. Three out of the four residues in the DEDH catalytic tetrad are well-preserved. The fourth, Glu-708, is located in a disordered loop and likely joins the active site upon the guide-target RNA duplex formation. This 'unplugged' active site scheme is found in Agos of some bacteria. UniProt
  • Organism: Silk moth
  • Length:
  • UniProt
  • Other Gene names: Siwi
This protein in other organisms (by gene name):
The Protein Feature View requires a browser that supports SVG (Scalable Vector Graphics). Mouse over tracks and labels for more information.
Data origin/color codes
The vertical color bar on the left side indicates data provenance.
Data in green originates from UniProtKB  
Variation data (sourced from UniProt) shows non-genetic variation from the ExPASy   and dbSNP   websites.
Data in yellow originates from Pfam  , by interacting with the HMMER3 web site  
Data in purple originates from Phosphosite  .
Data in orange originates from the SCOP   (version 1.75) and SCOPe   (version 2.04) classifications.
Data in grey has been calculated using BioJava  . Protein disorder predictions are based on JRONN (Troshin, P. and Barton, G. J. unpublished), a Java implementation of RONN  
  • Red: potentially disorderd region
  • Blue: probably ordered region.
Hydropathy has been calculated using a sliding window of 15 residues and summing up scores from standard hydrophobicity tables.
  • Red: hydrophobic
  • Blue: hydrophilic.
Data in lilac represent the genomic exon structure projected onto the UniProt sequence.
Data in blue originates from PDB
  • Secstruc: Secondary structure projected from representative PDB entries onto the UniProt sequence.
Sequence Mismatches It is now possible to see information about expression tags, cloning artifacts, and many other details related to sequence mismatches.
Icons represent a number of different sequence modifications that can be observed in PDB files. For example the 'T' icon T represents expression tags that have been added to the sequence. The 'E' icon E represents an engineered mutation. However, besides these two, there are many other icons. For more information about the meaning and exact position of a sequence modification, move the cursor over the icon.
Validation Track

For more details on the Validation Track (Structure Summary Page only) see the dedicated help page.

Data in red indicates combined ranges of Homology Models from SBKB   and the Protein Model Portal  
The PDB to UniProt mapping is based on the data provided by the EBI SIFTS project. See also Velankar et al., Nucleic Acids Research 33, D262-265 (2005).
Organism icons generated by flaticon.com under CC BY. The authors are: Freepik, Icons8, OCHA, Scott de Jonge.

For more details on the Protein Feature view see the dedicated help page.