TES is found in 21 entries

TES as free ligands, exist in 21 entries. Examples include 1AFS, 1I9J, 1J96

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View summary at Ligand Expo

Chemical Component Summary

Identifiers (8alpha,10alpha,13alpha,14beta,17alpha)-17-hydroxyandrost-4-en-3-one
Formula C19 H28 O2
Molecular Weight 288.42 g/mol
Type non-polymer
Isomeric SMILES C[C@]12CC[C@H]3[C@@H](CCC4=CC(=O)CC[C@]34C)[C@@H]1CC[C@@H]2O
InChI InChI=1S/C19H28O2/c1-18-9-7-13(20)11-12(18)3-4-14-15-5-6-17(21)19(15,2)10-8-16(14)18/h11,14-17,21H,3-10H2,1-2H3/t14-,15-,16-,17-,18-,19-/m0/s1

Chemical Details

Formal Charge 0
Atom Count 49
Chiral Atom Count 6
Chiral Atoms C8 C9 C10 C13 C14 C17
Bond Count 52
Aromatic Bond Count 0

Drug Info: DrugBank

DrugBank ID DB00624   (Stereoisomeric match)
Name Testosterone
  • approved
  • investigational
Description Testosterone is a steroid sex hormone found in both men and women. In men, testosterone is produced primarily by the Leydig (interstitial) cells of the testes when stimulated by luteinizing hormone (LH). It functions to stimulate spermatogenesis, promote physical and functional maturation of spermatozoa, maintain accessory organs of the male reproductive tract, support development of secondary sexual characteristics, stimulate growth and metabolism throughout the body and influence brain development by stimulating sexual behaviors and sexual drive. In women, testosterone is produced by the ovaries (25%), adrenals (25%) and via peripheral conversion from androstenedione (50%). Testerone in women functions to maintain libido and general wellbeing. Testosterone exerts a negative feedback mechanism on pituitary release of LH and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH). Testosterone may be further converted to dihydrotestosterone or estradiol depending on the tissue.
  • 17beta-hydroxy-4-androsten-3-one
  • 17beta-Hydroxy-4-androsten-3-one
  • 4-Androsten-17beta-ol-3-one
  • 4-androsten-17β-ol-3-one
  • Androderm
  • Depo-Testadiol
  • Mertestate
  • Synandrol F
  • Testosteron
  • Testosterona
  • Testostérone
  • Testosteronum
  • Testoxyl
  • Testryl
  • Virosterone
  • Testosterone Cypionate
  • Testosterone Enanthate
  • Testosterone Heptanoate
  • Testosterone Propionate
  • Testosterone Undecanoate
Brand Names
  • Andriol
  • Androderm
  • Androgel
  • Aveed
  • Axiron
  • Delatestryl
  • Fortesta
  • Malogen Aqueous 100 Sus 100mg/ml
  • Malogex La200 Liq 200mg/ml
  • Natesto
  • Neo Pause Injection
  • PMS-testosterone
  • PMS-testosterone Enanthate Inj 200mg/ml USP
  • Striant
  • Taro-testosterone
  • Testim
  • Testim 1%
  • Testopel
  • Testosterone
  • Testosterone Enanthate
  • Testosterone Enanthate Inj 200mg/ml
  • Vogelxo
  • Andronate 100
  • Andronate 200
  • Andropatch
  • Andropository 200
  • Andryl 200
  • Bio-T-Gel
  • Intrinsa
  • Livensa
  • Nebido
  • Sustanon
  • Testamone 100
  • Testaqua IM
  • Testoderm
  • Testoderm TTS
  • Testogel
  • Testolin
  • Testopatch
  • Testopel Pellets
  • Testrin-P.A
  • Testro AQ
  • Virormone
Affected Organism Humans and other mammals
Indication To be used as hormone replacement or substitution of diminished or absent endogenous testosterone. Use in males: For management of congenital or acquired hypogonadism, hypogonadism associated with HIV infection, and male climacteric (andopause). Use in females: For palliative treatment of androgen-responsive, advanced, inoperable, metastatis (skeletal) carcinoma of the breast  in women who are 1-5 years postmenopausal; testosterone esters may be used in combination with estrogens in the management of moderate to severe vasomotor symptoms associated with menopause in women who do not respond to adequately to estrogen therapy alone.
Pharmacology Testosterone is a steroid hormone from the androgen group. Testosterone is primarily secreted from the testes of males. In females, it is produced in the ovaries, adrenal glands and by conversion of adrostenedione in the periphery. It is the principal male sex hormone and an anabolic steroid. In both males and females, it plays key roles in health and well-being. Examples include enhanced libido, energy, immune function, and protection against osteoporosis. On average, the adult male body produces about twenty times the amount of testosterone than an adult female's body does.
Mechanism of action The effects of testosterone in humans and other vertebrates occur by way of two main mechanisms: by activation of the androgen receptor (directly or as DHT), and by conversion to estradiol and activation of certain estrogen receptors. Free testosterone (T) is transported into the cytoplasm of target tissue cells, where it can bind to the androgen receptor, or can be reduced to 5α-dihydrotestosterone (DHT) by the cytoplasmic enzyme 5α-reductase. DHT binds to the same androgen receptor even more strongly than T, so that its androgenic potency is about 2.5 times that of T. The T-receptor or DHT-receptor complex undergoes a structural change that allows it to move into the cell nucleus and bind directly to specific nucleotide sequences of the chromosomal DNA. The areas of binding are called hormone response elements (HREs), and influence transcriptional activity of certain genes, producing the androgen effects.
Route of administration
  • buccal
  • intramuscular
  • nasal
  • oral
  • subcutaneous
  • topical
  • transdermal
Categories Androgens
ATC-Code G03BA03
AHFS-Code 68:08.00
CAS number 58-22-0

Drug Targets

Name Sequence Search Pharmacological Action Actions
Androgen receptor ,Androgen receptor"> Search yes agonist
Drug Info/Drug Targets: DrugBank 3.0: a comprehensive resource for 'omics' research on drugs. Knox C, Law V, Jewison T, Liu P, Ly S, Frolkis A, Pon A, Banco K, Mak C, Neveu V, Djoumbou Y, Eisner R, Guo AC, Wishart DS. Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 Jan; 39 (Database issue):D1035-41. | PMID: 21059682