POP-OUT | CLOSE

An Information Portal to 105097 Biological Macromolecular Structures

 
TETRACYCLINE
 
TAC is found in 10 entries
TAC
  •   Chemical Component Summary   Hide
    Name TETRACYCLINE
    Identifiers (4S,4aS,5aS,6S,12aS)-4-(dimethylamino)-3,6,10,12,12a-pentahydroxy-6-methyl-1,11-dioxo-1,4,4a,5,5a,6,11,12a-octahydrotetracene-2-carboxamide
    (4aS,5aS,6S,12aS)-4-dimethylamino-3,6,10,12,12a-pentahydroxy-6-methyl-1,11-dioxo-4,4a,5,5a-tetrahydrotetracene-2-carboxamide
    Formula C22 H24 N2 O8
    Molecular Weight 444.44 g/mol
    Type non-polymer
    Isomeric SMILES
    InChI
    InChI key OFVLGDICTFRJMM-WESIUVDSSA-N
     
  •   Drug Info: DrugBank Hide
    DrugBank ID DB00759   (Stereoisomeric match)
    Name Tetracycline
    Groups approved
    Description Tetracycline is a broad spectrum polyketide antibiotic produced by the Streptomyces genus of Actinobacteria. It exerts a bacteriostatic effect on bacteria by binding reversible to the bacterial 30S ribosomal subunit and blocking incoming aminoacyl tRNA from binding to the ribosome acceptor site. It also binds to some extent to the bacterial 50S ribosomal subunit and may alter the cytoplasmic membrane causing intracellular components to leak from bacterial cells.
    Synonyms
    • (4S,4AS,5as,12as)-4-(dimethylamino)-1,4,4a,5,5a,6,11,12a-octahydro-3,6,10,12,12a-pentahydroxy-6-methyl-1,11-dioxo-2-naphthacenecarboxamide
    • Abramycin
    • Achromycin
    • Anhydrotetracycline
    • Deschlorobiomycin
    • Liquamycin
    • Tetracyclin
    • TETRACYCLINE
    • Tetracyclinum
    • Tetrazyklin
    • Tsiklomitsin
    [more]
    Salts Tetracycline hydrochloride
    Brand names Achromycin
    Affected organism Enteric bacteria and other eubacteria
    Indication Used to treat bacterial infections such as Rocky Mountain spotted fever, typhus fever, tick fevers, Q fever, rickettsialpox and Brill-Zinsser disease. May be used to treat infections caused by Chlamydiae spp., B. burgdorferi (Lyme disease), and upper respiratory infections caused by typical (S. pneumoniae, H. influenzae, and M. catarrhalis) and atypical organisms (C. pneumoniae, M. pneumoniae, L. pneumophila). May also be used to treat acne. Tetracycline may be an alternative drug for people who are allergic to penicillin.
    Pharmacology Tetracycline is a short-acting antibiotic that inhibits bacterial growth by inhibiting translation. It binds to the 30S ribosomal subunit and prevents the amino-acyl tRNA from binding to the A site of the ribosome. It also binds to some extent to the 50S ribosomal subunit. This binding is reversible in nature. Additionally tetracycline may alter the cytoplasmic membrane of bacteria causing leakage of intracellular contents, such as nucleotides, from the cell.
    Mechanism of action Tetracycline passively diffuses through porin channels in the bacterial membrane and reversibly binds to the 30S ribosomal subunit, preventing binding of tRNA to the mRNA-ribosome complex, and thus interfering with protein synthesis.
    Route of administration
    • Ophthalmic
    • Oral
    Categories
    • Anti-Bacterial Agents
    • Protein Synthesis Inhibitors
    • Antiprotozoal Agents
    • Tetracyclines
    ATC-Code
    • A01AB13
    • D06AA04
    • J01AA07
    • S01AA09
    • S02AA08
    • S03AA02
    • A01AB21
    • S01AA02
    • J01AA09
    • D06AA02
    • J01AA03
    [more]
    AHFS-Code
    • 08:12.24
    • 52:04.04
    CAS number 60-54-8
    Targets
    Name Sequence search Pharmacological action Actions
    Major prion protein   Search  unknown inhibitor
    30S ribosomal protein S14   Search  yes inhibitor
    30S ribosomal protein S19   Search  yes inhibitor
     
Ligand Image