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TIGECYCLINE
 
T1C is found in 5 entries
T1C
  •   Chemical Component Summary   Hide
    Name TIGECYCLINE
    Identifiers (1S,4aS,11aR,12aS)-8-[(N-tert-butylglycyl)amino]-3-carbamoyl-2,4a,5,7-tetrahydroxy-N,N,N',N'-tetramethyl-4,6-dioxo-1,4,4a,6,11,11a,12,12a-octahydrotetracene-1,10-diaminium
    [(1S,4aS,11aR,12aS)-3-aminocarbonyl-8-[2-(tert-butylamino)ethanoylamino]-10-(dimethylazaniumyl)-2,4a,5,7-tetrakis(oxidanyl)-4,6-bis(oxidanylidene)-11,11a,12,12a-tetrahydro-1H-tetracen-1-yl]-dimethyl-azanium
    Formula C29 H41 N5 O8
    Molecular Weight 587.67 g/mol
    Type non-polymer
    Isomeric SMILES
    InChI
    InChI key FPZLLRFZJZRHSY-HJYUBDRYSA-P
     
  •   Drug Info: DrugBank Hide
    DrugBank ID DB00560   (Different stereochemistry)
    Name Tigecycline
    Groups approved
    Description Tigecycline is a glycylcycline antibiotic developed and marketed by Wyeth under the brand name Tygacil. It was given a U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) fast-track approval and was approved on June 17, 2005. It was developed in response to the growing prevalence of antibiotic resistance in bacteria such as Staphylococcus aureus.
    Synonyms
    • (4S,4AS,5ar,12as)-9-(2-(tert-butylamino)acetamido)-4,7-bis(dimethylamino)-1,4,4a,5,5a,6,11,12a-octahydro-3,10,12,12a-tetrahydroxy-1,11-dioxo-2-naphthacenecarboxamide
    • Tigeciclina
    • Tigecycline
    • Tigecyclinum
    Brand names Tygacil
    Affected organism Enteric bacteria and other eubacteria
    Indication For the treatment of infections caused by susceptible strains of the designated microorganisms in the following conditions: Complicated skin and skin structure infections caused by <i>Escherichia coli</i>, <i>Enterococcus faecalis</i> (vancomycin-susceptible isolates only), <i>Staphylococcus aureus</i> (methicillin-susceptible and -resistant isolates), <i>Streptococcus agalactiae</i>, <i>Streptococcus anginosus</i> grp. (includes <i>S. anginosus</i>, <i>S. intermedius</i>, and <i>S. constellatus</i>), <i>Streptococcus pyogenes</i> and <i>Bacteroides fragilis</i>. Complicated intra-abdominal infections caused by <i>Citrobacter freundii</i>, <i>Enterobacter cloacae</i>, <i>Escherichia coli</i>, <i>Klebsiella oxytoca</i>, <i>Klebsiella pneumoniae</i>, <i>Enterococcus faecalis</i> (vancomycin-susceptible isolates only), <i>Staphylococcus aureus</i> (methicillin-susceptible isolates only), <i>Streptococcus anginosus</i> grp. (includes <i>S. anginosus</i>, <i>S. intermedius</i>, and <i>S. constellatus</i>), <i>Bacteroides fragilis</i>, <i>Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron</i>, <i>Bacteroides uniformis</i>, <i>Bacteroides vulgatus</i>, <i>Clostridium perfringens</i>, and <i>Peptostreptococcus micros</i>.
    Pharmacology Tigecycline is the first clinically-available drug in a new class of antibiotics called the glycylcyclines. Glycylcyclines are a new class of antibiotics derived from tetracycline. These tetracycline analogues are specifically designed to overcome two common mechanisms of tetracycline resistance, namely resistance mediated by acquired efflux pumps and/or ribosomal protection. Glycylcycline antibiotics have a similar mechanism of action as tetracycline antibiotics. Both classes of antibiotics bind to the 30S ribosomal subunit to prevent the amino-acyl tRNA from binding to the A site of the ribosome. However, the glycylcyclines appear to bind more effectively than the tetracyclines.
    Mechanism of action Tigecycline, a glycylcycline, inhibits protein translation in bacteria by binding to the 30S ribosomal subunit and blocking entry of amino-acyl tRNA molecules into the A site of the ribosome. This prevents incorporation of amino acid residues into elongating peptide chains. Tigecycline carries a glycylamido moiety attached to the 9-position of minocycline. The substitution pattern is not present in any naturally occurring or semisynthetic tetracycline and imparts certain microbiologic properties to tigecycline. Tigecycline is not affected by the two major tetracycline resistance mechanisms, ribosomal protection and efflux. Accordingly, tigecycline has demonstrated in vitro and in vivo activity against a broad spectrum of bacterial pathogens. There has been no cross resistance observed between tigecycline and other antibiotics. Tigecycline is not affected by resistance mechanisms such as beta-lactamases (including extended spectrum beta-lactamases), target site modifications, macrolide efflux pumps or enzyme target changes (e.g. gyrase/topoisomerase). In vitro studies have not demonstrated antagonism between tigecycline and other commonly used antibacterial drugs. In general, tigecycline is considered bacteriostatic.
    Route of administration Intravenous
    Categories
    • Anti-Bacterial Agents
    • Tetracyclines
    ATC-Code J01AA12
    AHFS-Code 08:12.24
    CAS number 220620-09-7
    Targets
    Name Sequence search Pharmacological action Actions
    30S ribosomal protein S9   Search  yes adduct
    30S ribosomal protein S12   Search  yes adduct
    30S ribosomal protein S14   Search  yes adduct
    30S ribosomal protein S13   Search  yes adduct
    30S ribosomal protein S19   Search  yes adduct
     
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