Chemical Component Summary

Name S-WARFARIN
Identifiers 4-hydroxy-3-[(1S)-3-oxo-1-phenylbutyl]-2H-chromen-2-one
4-hydroxy-3-[(1S)-3-oxo-1-phenyl-butyl]chromen-2-one
Formula C19 H16 O4
Molecular Weight 308.33 g/mol
Type non-polymer
Isomeric SMILES CC(=O)C[C@@H](c1ccccc1)c1c(O)c2ccccc2oc1=O
InChI InChI=1S/C19H16O4/c1-12(20)11-15(13-7-3-2-4-8-13)17-18(21)14-9-5-6-10-16(14)23-19(17)22/h2-10,15,21H,11H2,1H3/t15-/m0/s1
InChI Key PJVWKTKQMONHTI-HNNXBMFYSA-N

Chemical Details

Formal Charge 0
Atom Count 39
Chiral Atom Count 1
Chiral Atoms C5
Bond Count 41
Aromatic Bond Count 17

Drug Info: DrugBank

DrugBank ID DB00682   (Different stereochemistry)
Name Warfarin
Groups approved
Description Warfarin is an anticoagulant drug normally used to prevent blood clot formation as well as migration. Although originally marketed as a pesticide (d-Con, Rodex, among others), Warfarin has since become the most frequently prescribed oral anticoagulant in North America. Warfarin has several properties that should be noted when used medicinally, including its ability to cross the placental barrier during pregnancy which can result in fetal bleeding, spontaneous abortion, preterm birth, stillbirth, and neonatal death. Additional adverse effects such as necrosis, purple toe syndrome, osteoporosis, valve and artery calcification, and drug interactions have also been documented with warfarin use. Warfarin does not actually affect blood viscosity, rather, it inhibits vitamin-k dependent synthesis of biologically active forms of various clotting factors in addition to several regulatory factors.
Synonyms
  • 4-Hydroxy-3-(3-oxo-1-phenylbutyl)coumarin
  • Coumafene
  • Zoocoumarin
Salts
  • Warfarin potassium
  • Warfarin sodium
Brand Names
  • Apo-warfarin
  • Coumadin
  • Coumadin Tab 10mg
  • Coumadin Tab 1mg
  • Coumadin Tab 2.5mg
Affected Organism Humans and other mammals
Indication For the treatment of retinal vascular occlusion, pulmonary embolism, cardiomyopathy, atrial fibrillation and flutter, cerebral embolism, transient cerebral ischaemia, arterial embolism and thrombosis.
Pharmacology Warfarin, a coumarin anticoagulant, is a racemic mixture of two active isomers. It is used in the prevention and treatment of thromboembolic disease including venous thrombosis, thromboembolism, and pulmonary embolism as well as for the prevention of ischemic stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF).
Mechanism of action Warfarin inhibits vitamin K reductase, resulting in depletion of the reduced form of vitamin K (vitamin KH2). As vitamin K is a cofactor for the carboxylation of glutamate residues on the N-terminal regions of vitamin K-dependent proteins, this limits the gamma-carboxylation and subsequent activation of the vitamin K-dependent coagulant proteins. The synthesis of vitamin K-dependent coagulation factors II, VII, IX, and X and anticoagulant proteins C and S is inhibited. Depression of three of the four vitamin K-dependent coagulation factors (factors II, VII, and X) results in decreased prothrombin levels and a decrease in the amount of thrombin generated and bound to fibrin. This reduces the thrombogenicity of clots.
Route of administration
  • intravenous
  • oral
Categories
  • Anticoagulants
  • Rodenticides
ATC-Code B01AA03
AHFS-Code 20:12.04.08
CAS number 81-81-2

Drug Targets

Name Sequence Search Pharmacological Action Actions
Vitamin K epoxide reductase complex subunit 1 Search yes inhibitor
Drug Info/Drug Targets: DrugBank 3.0: a comprehensive resource for 'omics' research on drugs. Knox C, Law V, Jewison T, Liu P, Ly S, Frolkis A, Pon A, Banco K, Mak C, Neveu V, Djoumbou Y, Eisner R, Guo AC, Wishart DS. Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 Jan; 39 (Database issue):D1035-41. | PMID: 21059682