Chemical Component Summary

Name SPERMINE
Identifiers N,N'-bis(3-aminopropyl)butane-1,4-diamine
Formula C10 H26 N4
Molecular Weight 202.34 g/mol
Type non-polymer
Isomeric SMILES NCCCNCCCCNCCCN
InChI InChI=1S/C10H26N4/c11-5-3-9-13-7-1-2-8-14-10-4-6-12/h13-14H,1-12H2
InChI Key PFNFFQXMRSDOHW-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Chemical Details

Formal Charge 0
Atom Count 40
Chiral Atom Count 0
Chiral Atoms
Bond Count 39
Aromatic Bond Count 0

Drug Info: DrugBank

DrugBank ID DB00127   (Stereoisomeric match)
Name Spermine
Groups
  • approved
  • nutraceutical
Description A biogenic polyamine formed from spermidine. It is found in a wide variety of organisms and tissues and is an essential growth factor in some bacteria. It is found as a polycation at all pH values. Spermine is associated with nucleic acids, particularly in viruses, and is thought to stabilize the helical structure. [PubChem]
Synonyms
  • 4,9-Diaza-1,12-dodecanediamine
  • 4,9-Diazadodecane-1,12-diamine
  • N,N'-Bis(3-aminopropyl)-1,4-butanediamine
  • Spermine
Salts Spermine dihydrate
Brand Names
Affected Organism Humans and other mammals
Indication For nutritional supplementation, also for treating dietary shortage or imbalance
Pharmacology Spermine is a polyamine. It is an organic molecule that is involved in cellular metabolism.
Mechanism of action Spermine is derived from spermidine by spermine synthase. Spermine is a polyamine, a small organic cations that is absolutely required for eukaryotic cell growth. Spermine, is normally found in millimolar concentrations in the nucleus. Spermine functions directly as a free radical scavenger, and forms a variety of adducts that prevent oxidative damage to DNA. Oxidative damage to DNA by reactive oxygen species is a continual problem that cells must guard against to survive. Hence, spermine is a major natural intracellular compound capable of protecting DNA from free radical attack. Spermine is also implicated in the regulation of gene expression, the stabilization of chromatin, and the prevention of endonuclease-mediated DNA fragmentation.
Categories
  • Dietary Supplements
  • Micronutrients
  • Supplements
CAS number 71-44-3
Drug Info/Drug Targets: DrugBank 3.0: a comprehensive resource for 'omics' research on drugs. Knox C, Law V, Jewison T, Liu P, Ly S, Frolkis A, Pon A, Banco K, Mak C, Neveu V, Djoumbou Y, Eisner R, Guo AC, Wishart DS. Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 Jan; 39 (Database issue):D1035-41. | PMID: 21059682