Chemical Component Summary

Name SERINE
Identifiers L-serine
(2S)-2-amino-3-hydroxy-propanoic acid
Formula C3 H7 N O3
Molecular Weight 105.09 g/mol
Type L-peptide linking
Isomeric SMILES N[C@@H](CO)C(O)=O
InChI InChI=1S/C3H7NO3/c4-2(1-5)3(6)7/h2,5H,1,4H2,(H,6,7)/t2-/m0/s1
InChI Key MTCFGRXMJLQNBG-REOHCLBHSA-N

Chemical Details

Formal Charge 0
Atom Count 14
Chiral Atom Count 1
Chiral Atoms CA
Bond Count 13
Aromatic Bond Count 0
Leaving Atoms OXT H2 HXT

Drug Info: DrugBank

DrugBank ID DB00133   (Stereoisomeric match)
Name L-Serine
Groups
  • approved
  • nutraceutical
Description A non-essential amino acid occurring in natural form as the L-isomer. It is synthesized from glycine or threonine. It is involved in the biosynthesis of purines; pyrimidines; and other amino acids. [PubChem]
Synonyms
  • (2S)-2-amino-3-Hydroxypropanoic acid
  • (S)-(-)-Serine
  • (S)-(−)-serine
  • (S)-2-Amino-3-hydroxypropanoic acid
  • (S)-alpha-Amino-beta-hydroxypropionic acid
  • (S)-Serine
  • beta-Hydroxy-L-alanine
  • beta-Hydroxyalanine
  • L-(-)-Serine
  • L-(−)-serine
  • L-2-Amino-3-hydroxypropionic acid
  • L-3-Hydroxy-2-aminopropionic acid
  • L-3-Hydroxy-alanine
  • L-Ser
  • L-Serin
  • L-Serine
  • S
  • Ser
  • Serine
[more]
Brand Names
  • Aminosyn
  • Aminosyn 10%
  • Aminosyn 5%
  • Aminosyn 7%
  • Aminosyn 8.5%
  • Aminosyn Sulfite Free
  • Freamine Hbc
  • Freamine III
  • Novamine
  • Travasol
  • Vamin 18 Electrolyte-free
[more]
Affected Organism Humans and other mammals
Indication Used as a natural moisturizing agent in some cosmetics and skin care products.
Pharmacology Serine is classified as a nutritionally non-essential amino acid. Serine is critical for the production of the body's proteins, enzymes and muscle tissue. Serine is needed for the proper metabolism of fats and fatty acids. It also helps in the production of antibodies. Serine is used as a natural moisturizing agent in some cosmetics and skin care products. The main source of essential amino acids is from the diet, non-essential amino acids are normally synthesize by humans and other mammals from common intermediates.
Mechanism of action L-Serine plays a role in cell growth and development (cellular proliferation). The conversion of L-serine to glycine by serine hydroxymethyltransferase results in the formation of the one-carbon units necessary for the synthesis of the purine bases, adenine and guanine. These bases when linked to the phosphate ester of pentose sugars are essential components of DNA and RNA and the end products of energy producing metabolic pathways, ATP and GTP. In addition, L-serine conversion to glycine via this same enzyme provides the one-carbon units necessary for production of the pyrimidine nucleotide, deoxythymidine monophosphate, also an essential component of DNA.
Route of administration intravenous
Categories
  • Dietary Supplements
  • Micronutrients
  • Supplements
  • Non-Essential Amino Acids
CAS number 56-45-1
Drug Info/Drug Targets: DrugBank 3.0: a comprehensive resource for 'omics' research on drugs. Knox C, Law V, Jewison T, Liu P, Ly S, Frolkis A, Pon A, Banco K, Mak C, Neveu V, Djoumbou Y, Eisner R, Guo AC, Wishart DS. Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 Jan; 39 (Database issue):D1035-41. | PMID: 21059682