Chemical Component Summary

Name SPECTINOMYCIN
Identifiers (2R,4aR,5aR,6S,7S,8R,9S,9aR,10aS)-4a,7,9-trihydroxy-2-methyl-6,8-bis(methylamino)decahydro-4H-pyrano[2,3-b][1,4]benzodioxin-4-one
Synonyms ACTINOSPECTACIN, ESPECTINOMICINA, CHX-3101
Formula C14 H24 N2 O7
Molecular Weight 332.35 g/mol
Type non-polymer
Isomeric SMILES CN[C@@H]1[C@H](O)[C@H](NC)[C@H]2O[C@]3(O)[C@@H](O[C@H](C)CC3=O)O[C@@H]2[C@H]1O
InChI InChI=1S/C14H24N2O7/c1-5-4-6(17)14(20)13(21-5)22-12-10(19)7(15-2)9(18)8(16-3)11(12)23-14/h5,7-13,15-16,18-20H,4H2,1-3H3/t5-,7-,8+,9+,10+,11-,12-,13+,14+/m1/s1
InChI Key UNFWWIHTNXNPBV-WXKVUWSESA-N

Chemical Details

Formal Charge 0
Atom Count 47
Chiral Atom Count 9
Chiral Atoms C2 C5 C6 C7 C8 C9 C10 C11 C12
Bond Count 49
Aromatic Bond Count 0

Drug Info: DrugBank

DrugBank ID DB00919   (Stereoisomeric match)
Name Spectinomycin
Groups approved
Description An antibiotic produced by Streptomyces spectabilis. It is active against gram-negative bacteria and used for the treatment of gonorrhea.
Synonyms
  • Actinospectacina
  • Espectinomicina
  • SCM
  • Spectinomicina
  • Spectinomycine
Salts
  • Spectinomycin dihydrochloride pentahydrate
  • Spectinomycin hydrochloride
  • Spectinomycin hydrochloride pentahydrate
  • Spectinomycin sulfate tetrahydrate
Brand Names
  • Trobicin Inj 400mg/ml
  • Actinospectacin
  • Spectam
  • Togamycin
  • Trobicin
Affected Organism Enteric bacteria and other eubacteria
Indication For use in the treatment of acute gonorrheal urethritis and proctitis in the male and acute gonorrheal cervicitis and proctitis in the female when due to susceptible strains of Neisseria gonorrhoeae.
Pharmacology Spectinomycin is an aminocyclitol antibiotic produced by a species of soil microorganism designated as Streptomyces spectabilis. In vitro studies have shown spectinomycin to be active against most strains of Neisseria gonorrhoeae (minimum inhibitory concentration <7.5 to 20 mcg/mL). Footprint studies indicate that spectinomycin exerts regional effects on ribosomal structure.
Mechanism of action Spectinomycin is an inhibitor of protein synthesis in the bacterial cell; the site of action is the 30S ribosomal subunit. It is bactericidal in its action.
Route of administration intramuscular
Categories
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents
  • Aminoglycosides
ATC-Code J01XX04
CAS number 1695-77-8

Drug Targets

Name Sequence Search Pharmacological Action Actions
30S ribosomal protein S12 Search yes inhibitor
Drug Info/Drug Targets: DrugBank 3.0: a comprehensive resource for 'omics' research on drugs. Knox C, Law V, Jewison T, Liu P, Ly S, Frolkis A, Pon A, Banco K, Mak C, Neveu V, Djoumbou Y, Eisner R, Guo AC, Wishart DS. Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 Jan; 39 (Database issue):D1035-41. | PMID: 21059682