An Information Portal to 112722 Biological Macromolecular Structures

RBF is found in 32 entries
  •   Chemical Component Summary   Hide
    Identifiers 1-deoxy-1-(7,8-dimethyl-2,4-dioxo-3,4-dihydrobenzo[g]pteridin-10(2H)-yl)-D-ribitol
    Synonyms RIBOFLAVINE
    Formula C17 H20 N4 O6
    Molecular Weight 376.36 g/mol
    Type non-polymer
    Isomeric SMILES
  •   Drug Info: DrugBank Hide
    DrugBank ID DB00140   (Stereoisomeric match)
    Name Riboflavin
    • approved
    • nutraceutical
    Description Nutritional factor found in milk, eggs, malted barley, liver, kidney, heart, and leafy vegetables. The richest natural source is yeast. It occurs in the free form only in the retina of the eye, in whey, and in urine; its principal forms in tissues and cells are as flavin mononucleotide and flavin-adenine dinucleotide. [PubChem]
    • 1-Deoxy-1-(7,8-dimethyl-2,4-dioxo-3,4-dihydrobenzo[g]pteridin-10(2H)-yl)pentitol
    • 6,7-Dimethyl-9-D-ribitylisoalloxazine
    • 7,8-Dimethyl-10-(D-ribo-2,3,4,5-tetrahydroxypentyl)benzo[g]pteridine-2,4(3H,10H)-dione
    • 7,8-Dimethyl-10-(D-ribo-2,3,4,5-tetrahydroxypentyl)isoalloxazine
    • 7,8-Dimethyl-10-ribitylisoalloxazine
    • e101
    • Lactoflavin
    • Lactoflavine
    • Riboflavin
    • Riboflavina
    • Riboflavine
    • Riboflavinum
    • Vitamin B2
    • Vitamin G
    Salts Riboflavin phosphate sodium dihydrate
    Brand names Bisulase
    Affected organism Humans and other mammals
    Indication For the treatment of ariboflavinosis (vitamin B2 deficiency).
    Pharmacology Riboflavin or vitamin B2 is an easily absorbed, water-soluble micronutrient with a key role in maintaining human health. Like the other B vitamins, it supports energy production by aiding in the metabolising of fats, carbohydrates, and proteins. Vitamin B2 is also required for red blood cell formation and respiration, antibody production, and for regulating human growth and reproduction. It is essential for healthy skin, nails, hair growth and general good health, including regulating thyroid activity. Riboflavin also helps in the prevention or treatment of many types of eye disorders, including some cases of cataracts.
    Mechanism of action Binds to riboflavin hydrogenase, riboflavin kinase, and riboflavin synthase. Riboflavin is the precursor of flavin mononucleotide (FMN, riboflavin monophosphate) and flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD). The antioxidant activity of riboflavin is principally derived from its role as a precursor of FAD and the role of this cofactor in the production of the antioxidant reduced glutathione. Reduced glutathione is the cofactor of the selenium-containing glutathione peroxidases among other things. The glutathione peroxidases are major antioxidant enzymes. Reduced glutathione is generated by the FAD-containing enzyme glutathione reductase.
    • Vitamin B Complex
    • Photosensitizing Agents
    CAS number 83-88-5
    Name Sequence search Pharmacological action Actions
    Riboflavin kinase   Search  yes ligand
    Flavin reductase (NADPH)   Search  yes product of
    Riboflavin synthase   Search  yes other
Ligand Image