Chemical Component Summary

Name RIBOFLAVIN
Identifiers 1-deoxy-1-(7,8-dimethyl-2,4-dioxo-3,4-dihydrobenzo[g]pteridin-10(2H)-yl)-D-ribitol
7,8-dimethyl-10-[(2S,3S,4R)-2,3,4,5-tetrakis(oxidanyl)pentyl]benzo[g]pteridine-2,4-dione
Synonyms RIBOFLAVINE
VITAMIN B2
Formula C17 H20 N4 O6
Molecular Weight 376.36 g/mol
Type non-polymer
Isomeric SMILES Cc1cc2nc3c(nc(=O)[nH]c3=O)n(C[C@H](O)[C@H](O)[C@H](O)CO)c2cc1C
InChI InChI=1S/C17H20N4O6/c1-7-3-9-10(4-8(7)2)21(5-11(23)14(25)12(24)6-22)15-13(18-9)16(26)20-17(27)19-15/h3-4,11-12,14,22-25H,5-6H2,1-2H3,(H,20,26,27)/t11-,12+,14-/m0/s1
InChI Key AUNGANRZJHBGPY-SCRDCRAPSA-N

Chemical Details

Formal Charge 0
Atom Count 47
Chiral Atom Count 3
Chiral Atoms C2' C3' C4'
Bond Count 49
Aromatic Bond Count 6

Drug Info: DrugBank

DrugBank ID DB00140   (Stereoisomeric match)
Name Riboflavin
Groups
  • approved
  • nutraceutical
Description Nutritional factor found in milk, eggs, malted barley, liver, kidney, heart, and leafy vegetables. The richest natural source is yeast. It occurs in the free form only in the retina of the eye, in whey, and in urine; its principal forms in tissues and cells are as flavin mononucleotide and flavin-adenine dinucleotide. [PubChem]
Synonyms
  • 1-Deoxy-1-(7,8-dimethyl-2,4-dioxo-3,4-dihydrobenzo[g]pteridin-10(2H)-yl)pentitol
  • 6,7-Dimethyl-9-D-ribitylisoalloxazine
  • 7,8-Dimethyl-10-(D-ribo-2,3,4,5-tetrahydroxypentyl)benzo[g]pteridine-2,4(3H,10H)-dione
  • 7,8-Dimethyl-10-(D-ribo-2,3,4,5-tetrahydroxypentyl)isoalloxazine
  • 7,8-Dimethyl-10-ribitylisoalloxazine
Salts Riboflavin phosphate sodium dihydrate
Brand Names
  • Acti-ribo/ribo 5-phosph Caplet
  • Antlerviron
  • Avon Nutrivance Stress Formula
  • B 6 Plus
  • B Complex Tablets
Affected Organism Humans and other mammals
Indication For the treatment of ariboflavinosis (vitamin B2 deficiency).
Pharmacology Riboflavin or vitamin B2 is an easily absorbed, water-soluble micronutrient with a key role in maintaining human health. Like the other B vitamins, it supports energy production by aiding in the metabolising of fats, carbohydrates, and proteins. Vitamin B2 is also required for red blood cell formation and respiration, antibody production, and for regulating human growth and reproduction. It is essential for healthy skin, nails, hair growth and general good health, including regulating thyroid activity. Riboflavin also helps in the prevention or treatment of many types of eye disorders, including some cases of cataracts.
Mechanism of action Binds to riboflavin hydrogenase, riboflavin kinase, and riboflavin synthase. Riboflavin is the precursor of flavin mononucleotide (FMN, riboflavin monophosphate) and flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD). The antioxidant activity of riboflavin is principally derived from its role as a precursor of FAD and the role of this cofactor in the production of the antioxidant reduced glutathione. Reduced glutathione is the cofactor of the selenium-containing glutathione peroxidases among other things. The glutathione peroxidases are major antioxidant enzymes. Reduced glutathione is generated by the FAD-containing enzyme glutathione reductase.
Route of administration
  • intramuscular; intravenous
  • intravenous
  • oral
Categories
  • Vitamin B Complex
  • Photosensitizing Agents
CAS number 83-88-5
Drug Info/Drug Targets: DrugBank 3.0: a comprehensive resource for 'omics' research on drugs. Knox C, Law V, Jewison T, Liu P, Ly S, Frolkis A, Pon A, Banco K, Mak C, Neveu V, Djoumbou Y, Eisner R, Guo AC, Wishart DS. Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 Jan; 39 (Database issue):D1035-41. | PMID: 21059682