Chemical Component Summary

Name PROLINE
Identifiers L-proline
(2S)-pyrrolidine-2-carboxylic acid
Formula C5 H9 N O2
Molecular Weight 115.13 g/mol
Type L-peptide linking
Isomeric SMILES OC(=O)[C@@H]1CCCN1
InChI InChI=1S/C5H9NO2/c7-5(8)4-2-1-3-6-4/h4,6H,1-3H2,(H,7,8)/t4-/m0/s1
InChI Key ONIBWKKTOPOVIA-BYPYZUCNSA-N

Chemical Details

Formal Charge 0
Atom Count 17
Chiral Atom Count 1
Chiral Atoms CA
Bond Count 17
Aromatic Bond Count 0
Leaving Atoms OXT H HXT

Drug Info: DrugBank

DrugBank ID DB00172   (Stereoisomeric match)
Name L-Proline
Groups
  • approved
  • nutraceutical
Description A non-essential amino acid that is synthesized from glutamic acid. It is an essential component of collagen and is important for proper functioning of joints and tendons. [PubChem]
Synonyms
  • (-)-(S)-Proline
  • (-)-2-Pyrrolidinecarboxylic acid
  • (-)-Proline
  • (−)-(S)-proline
  • (−)-2-pyrrolidinecarboxylic acid
Salts Proline, dl-
Brand Names
  • Aminosyn
  • Aminosyn 10%
  • Aminosyn 5%
  • Aminosyn 7%
  • Aminosyn 8.5%
Affected Organism Humans and other mammals
Indication L-Proline is extremely important for the proper functioning of joints and tendons and also helps maintain and strengthen heart muscles.
Pharmacology L-Proline is a major amino acid found in cartilage and is important for maintaining youthful skin as well as repair of muscle, connective tissue and skin damage. It is also essential for the immune system, and for necessary balance of this formula. It is an essential component of collagen and is important for proper functioning of joints and tendons. L-Proline is extremely important for the proper functioning of joints and tendons. Helps maintain and strengthen heart muscles.
Mechanism of action Glycogenic, by L-Proline oxidase in the kidney, it is ring-opened and is oxidized to form L-Glutamic acid. L-Ornithine and L-Glutamic acid are converted to L-Proline via L-Glutamic acid-gamma-semialdehyde. It is contained abundantly in collagen, and is intimately involved in the function of arthrosis and chordae.
Route of administration intravenous
Categories
  • Dietary Supplements
  • Micronutrients
  • Supplements
  • Non-Essential Amino Acids
CAS number 147-85-3

Drug Targets

Name Sequence Search Pharmacological Action Actions
Prolyl 4-hydroxylase subunit alpha-1 MIWYILIIGILLPQSLAHPGFFTSIGQMTDLIHTEKDLVTSLKDYIKAEE... unknown
Bifunctional glutamate/proline--tRNA ligase MATLSLTVNSGDPPLGALLAVEHVKDDVSISVEEGKENILHVSENVIFTD... unknown
Pyrroline-5-carboxylate reductase 1, mitochondrial MSVGFIGAGQLAFALAKGFTAAGVLAAHKIMASSPDMDLATVSALRKMGV... unknown
Sodium- and chloride-dependent neutral and basic amino acid transporter B(0+) MDKLKCPSFFKCREKEKVSASSENFHVGENDENQDRGNWSKKSDYLLSMI... unknown
Sodium-dependent proline transporter MKKLQGAHLRKPVTPDLLMTPSDQGDVDLDVDFAAHRGNWTGKLDFLLSC... unknown
View More Drug Targets
Drug Info/Drug Targets: DrugBank 3.0: a comprehensive resource for 'omics' research on drugs. Knox C, Law V, Jewison T, Liu P, Ly S, Frolkis A, Pon A, Banco K, Mak C, Neveu V, Djoumbou Y, Eisner R, Guo AC, Wishart DS. Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 Jan; 39 (Database issue):D1035-41. | PMID: 21059682