Chemical Component Summary

Name PALMITIC ACID
Identifiers hexadecanoic acid
Formula C16 H32 O2
Molecular Weight 256.42 g/mol
Type non-polymer
Isomeric SMILES CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC(O)=O
InChI InChI=1S/C16H32O2/c1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8-9-10-11-12-13-14-15-16(17)18/h2-15H2,1H3,(H,17,18)
InChI Key IPCSVZSSVZVIGE-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Chemical Details

Formal Charge 0
Atom Count 50
Chiral Atom Count 0
Chiral Atoms
Bond Count 49
Aromatic Bond Count 0
Leaving Atoms O1

Drug Info: DrugBank

DrugBank ID DB03796   (Stereoisomeric match)
Name Palmitic Acid
Groups experimental
Description A common saturated fatty acid found in fats and waxes including olive oil, palm oil, and body lipids. [PubChem]
Synonyms
  • 1-Hexyldecanoic Acid
  • 1-Pentadecanecarboxylic acid
  • FAT
  • Hexadecanoate
  • Hexadecanoic acid
  • Hexadecoic acid
  • Hexadecylic acid
  • Hexaectylic acid
  • Palmitate
  • Palmitinic acid
  • Palmitinsaeure
[more]
Brand Names Sha-lem
Pharmacology Palmitic acid is the first fatty acid produced during lipogenesis (fatty acid synthesis) and from which longer fatty acids can be produced. Palmitate negatively feeds back on acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC) which is responsible for converting acetyl-ACP to malonyl-ACP on the growing acyl chain, thus preventing further palmitate generation
Route of administration topical
Categories Enzyme Inhibitors
CAS number 57-10-3
Drug Info/Drug Targets: DrugBank 3.0: a comprehensive resource for 'omics' research on drugs. Knox C, Law V, Jewison T, Liu P, Ly S, Frolkis A, Pon A, Banco K, Mak C, Neveu V, Djoumbou Y, Eisner R, Guo AC, Wishart DS. Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 Jan; 39 (Database issue):D1035-41. | PMID: 21059682