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L-ornithine
 
ORN is found in 59 entries
ORN
  •   Chemical Component Summary   Hide
    Name L-ornithine
    Identifiers (2S)-2,5-bis(azanyl)pentanoic acid
    Formula C5 H12 N2 O2
    Molecular Weight 132.16 g/mol
    Type L-peptide linking
    Isomeric SMILES
    InChI
    InChI key AHLPHDHHMVZTML-BYPYZUCNSA-N
     
  •   Drug Info: DrugBank Hide
    DrugBank ID DB00129   (Stereoisomeric match)
    Name L-Ornithine
    Groups
    • approved
    • nutraceutical
    Description Ornithine is an amino acid produced in the urea cycle by the splitting off of urea from arginine. It is a central part of the urea cycle, which allows for the disposal of excess nitrogen. L-Ornithine is a precursor of citrulline and arginine.
    Synonyms
    • (S)-2,5-Diaminopentanoate
    • (S)-2,5-Diaminopentanoic acid
    • (S)-2,5-diaminovaleric acid
    • (S)-alpha,delta-Diaminovaleric acid
    • (S)-ornithine
    • (S)-α,δ-diaminovaleric acid
    • L-Ornithine
    [more]
    Affected organism Humans and other mammals
    Indication Used for nutritional supplementation, also for treating dietary shortage or imbalance. It has been claimed that ornithine improves athletic performance, has anabolic effects, has wound-healing effects, and is immuno-enhancing.
    Pharmacology A non-essential and nonprotein amino acid, ornithine is critical for the production of the body's proteins, enzymes and muscle tissue. Ornithine plays a central role in the urea cycle and is important for the disposal of excess nitrogen (ammonia). Ornithine is the starting point for the synthesis of many polyamines such as putrescine and spermine. Ornithine supplements are claimed to enhance the release of growth hormone and to burn excess body fat. Ornithine is necessary for proper immune function and good liver function.
    Mechanism of action L-Ornithine is metabolised to L-arginine. L-arginine stimulates the pituitary release of growth hormone. Burns or other injuries affect the state of L-arginine in tissues throughout the body. As De novo synthesis of L-arginine during these conditions is usually not sufficient for normal immune function, nor for normal protein synthesis, L-ornithine may have immunomodulatory and wound-healing activities under these conditions (by virtue of its metabolism to L-arginine).
    Route of administration Oral
    Categories
    • Dietary Supplements
    • Micronutrients
    • Supplements
    • Non-Essential Amino Acids
    ATC-Code
    • A05BA06
    • D11AX16
    • P01CX03
    CAS number 70-26-8
    Targets
    Name Sequence search Pharmacological action Actions
    Cationic amino acid transporter 4   Search  unknown
    Cationic amino acid transporter 3   Search  unknown
    Mitochondrial ornithine transporter 1   Search  unknown
    High affinity cationic amino acid transporter 1   Search  unknown
    Mitochondrial ornithine transporter 2   Search  unknown
    [more]
     
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