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MILRINONE
 
MIL is found in 1 entries
MIL
  •   Chemical Component Summary   Hide
    Name MILRINONE
    Identifiers 2-methyl-6-oxo-1,6-dihydro-3,4'-bipyridine-5-carbonitrile
    6-methyl-2-oxo-5-pyridin-4-yl-1H-pyridine-3-carbonitrile
    Formula C12 H9 N3 O
    Molecular Weight 211.22 g/mol
    Type non-polymer
    Isomeric SMILES
    InChI
    InChI key PZRHRDRVRGEVNW-UHFFFAOYSA-N
     
  •   Drug Info: DrugBank Hide
    DrugBank ID DB00235   (Stereoisomeric match)
    Name Milrinone
    Groups approved
    Description A positive inotropic cardiotonic agent with vasodilator properties. It inhibits cAMP phosphodiesterase activity in myocardium and vascular smooth muscle. Milrinone is a derivative of amrinone and has 20-30 times the ionotropic potency of amrinone. [PubChem]
    Synonyms
    • 1,6-Dihydro-2-methyl-6-oxo(3,4'-bipyridine)-5-carbonitrile
    • Milrinona
    • Milrinone
    • Milrinonum
    Salts Milrinone Lactate
    Brand names
    • Corotrop
    • Corotrope
    • Milrila
    • Primacor
    Affected organism Humans and other mammals
    Indication Indicated for the treatment of congestive heart failure.
    Pharmacology Milrinone, a synthetic dimethylxanthine derivative structurally related to theophylline and caffeine, is used in the treatment of peripheral vascular diseases and in the management of cerebrovascular insufficiency, sickle cell disease, and diabetic neuropathy.
    Mechanism of action Milrinone inhibits erythrocyte phosphodiesterase, resulting in an increase in erythrocyte cAMP activity. Subsequently, the erythrocyte membrane becomes more resistant to deformity. Along with erythrocyte activity, Milrinone also decreases blood viscosity by reducing plasma fibrinogen concentrations and increasing fibrinolytic activity.
    Route of administration Intravenous
    Categories
    • Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors
    • Cardiotonic Agents
    • Phosphodiesterase 3 Inhibitors
    • Vasodilator Agents
    ATC-Code C01CE02
    AHFS-Code 24:04.08
    CAS number 78415-72-2
    Targets
    Name Sequence search Pharmacological action Actions
    cGMP-inhibited 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase A   Search  yes inhibitor
    cGMP-inhibited 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase A   Search  yes inhibitor
     
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