KKK

1-acetyl-4-(4-{[(2R,4S)-2-(2,4-dichlorophenyl)-2-(1H-imidazol-1-ylmethyl)-1,3-dioxolan-4-yl]methoxy}phenyl)piperazine

KKK is found in 2 entries

KKK as free ligands, exist in 2 entries. Examples include 3LD6, 3OZW,

Find related ligands: Stereoisomers Similar ligands Chemical Structure Search

View summary at Ligand Expo

Chemical Component Summary

Name 1-acetyl-4-(4-{[(2R,4S)-2-(2,4-dichlorophenyl)-2-(1H-imidazol-1-ylmethyl)-1,3-dioxolan-4-yl]methoxy}phenyl)piperazine
Identifiers 1-[4-[4-[[(2R,4S)-2-(2,4-dichlorophenyl)-2-(imidazol-1-ylmethyl)-1,3-dioxolan-4-yl]methoxy]phenyl]piperazin-1-yl]ethanone
Formula C26 H28 Cl2 N4 O4
Molecular Weight 531.43 g/mol
Type non-polymer
Isomeric SMILES CC(=O)N1CCN(CC1)c1ccc(OC[C@H]2CO[C@@](Cn3ccnc3)(O2)c2ccc(Cl)cc2Cl)cc1
InChI InChI=1S/C26H28Cl2N4O4/c1-19(33)31-10-12-32(13-11-31)21-3-5-22(6-4-21)34-15-23-16-35-26(36-23,17-30-9-8-29-18-30)24-7-2-20(27)14-25(24)28/h2-9,14,18,23H,10-13,15-17H2,1H3/t23-,26-/m0/s1
InChI Key XMAYWYJOQHXEEK-OZXSUGGESA-N

Chemical Details

Formal Charge 0
Atom Count 64
Chiral Atom Count 2
Chiral Atoms C5 C6
Bond Count 68
Aromatic Bond Count 17

Drug Info: DrugBank

DrugBank ID DB01026   (Different stereochemistry)
Name Ketoconazole
Groups
  • approved
  • investigational
Description Broad spectrum antifungal agent used for long periods at high doses, especially in immunosuppressed patients. [PubChem]
Synonyms
  • Extina
  • Ketoconazol
  • Ketoconazole
  • Ketoconazolum
  • Ketozole
  • Nizoral
  • Nizoral a-D
  • Xolegel
[more]
Brand Names
  • Apo-ketoconazole
  • Extina
  • Ketoconazole
  • Ketodan
  • Ketoderm Cream 2%
  • Nizoral
  • Nizoral - 2%
  • Nizoral A-D
  • Nizoral Cream 2%
  • Nizoral Oral Suspension 20mg/ml
  • Nizoral Shp 2%
  • Nizoral Tablets 200mg
  • Nu-ketocon Tablets - 200mg
  • Teva-ketoconazole
  • Xolegel
  • Fungarest
  • Fungoral
  • Ketoderm
  • Ketoisdin
  • Ketozole
  • Nizoral Cream
  • Nizoral Shampoo
  • Orifungal
  • Orifungal M
  • Panfungol
[more]
Affected Organism Fungi
Indication For the treatment of the following systemic fungal infections: candidiasis, chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis, oral thrush, candiduria, blastomycosis, coccidioidomycosis, histoplasmosis, chromomycosis, and paracoccidioidomycosis.
Pharmacology Ketoconazole, like clotrimazole, fluconazole, itraconazole, and miconazole, is an imidazole antifungal agent.
Mechanism of action Ketoconazole interacts with 14-α demethylase, a cytochrome P-450 enzyme necessary for the conversion of lanosterol to ergosterol. This results in inhibition of ergosterol synthesis and increased fungal cellular permeability. Other mechanisms may involve the inhibition of endogenous respiration, interaction with membrane phospholipids, inhibition of yeast transformation to mycelial forms, inhibition of purine uptake, and impairment of triglyceride and/or phospholipid biosynthesis. Ketoconazole can also inhibit the synthesis of thromboxane and sterols such as aldosterone, cortisol, and testosterone.
Route of administration
  • oral
  • topical
Categories
  • Antifungal Agents
  • ["D27.505.954.122.136"]
  • 14-alpha Demethylase Inhibitors
  • ["D27.505.389.500.059", "D27.505.519.389.335.059", "D27.505.519.389.870.100", "D27.505.696.399.450.855.100"]
  • Antifungal Agents (Azole Derivatives, Systemic)
  • []
[more]
ATC-Code
  • D01AC08
  • G01AF11
  • J02AB02
AHFS-Code
  • 08:14.08
  • 84:04.08.08
CAS number 65277-42-1
Drug Info/Drug Targets: DrugBank 3.0: a comprehensive resource for 'omics' research on drugs. Knox C, Law V, Jewison T, Liu P, Ly S, Frolkis A, Pon A, Banco K, Mak C, Neveu V, Djoumbou Y, Eisner R, Guo AC, Wishart DS. Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 Jan; 39 (Database issue):D1035-41. | PMID: 21059682