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An Information Portal to 105097 Biological Macromolecular Structures

 
PHENOL
 
IPH is found in 67 entries
IPH
  •   Chemical Component Summary   Hide
    Name PHENOL
    Identifiers
    Formula C6 H6 O
    Molecular Weight 94.11 g/mol
    Type non-polymer
    Isomeric SMILES
    InChI
    InChI key ISWSIDIOOBJBQZ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
     
  •   Drug Info: DrugBank Hide
    DrugBank ID DB03255   (Stereoisomeric match)
    Name Phenol
    Groups
    • approved
    • experimental
    Description Phenol is an antiseptic and disinfectant. It is active against a wide range of micro-organisms including some fungi and viruses, but is only slowly effective against spores. Phenol has been used to disinfect skin and to relieve itching. Phenol is also used as an oral analgesic or anesthetic in products such as Chloraseptic to treat pharyngitis. Additionally, phenol and its related compounds are used in surgical ingrown toenail treatment, a process termed phenolization. Research indicates that parental exposure to phenol and its related compounds are positively associated with spontaneous abortion. During the second world war, phenol injections were used as a means of execution by the Nazis. Phenol is a toxic compound whose vapours are corrosive to the skin, eyes, and respiratory tract.
    Synonyms
    • Acide carbolique
    • Acide phenique
    • Benzenol
    • Carbolic acid
    • Carbolsaeure
    • Hydroxybenzene
    • Karbolsaeure
    • Monohydroxybenzene
    • Oxybenzene
    • Phenic Acid
    • Phenol
    • Phenyl alcohol
    • Phenyl hydroxide
    • Phenylic Acid
    • Phenylic alcohol
    • PHOH
    [more]
    Brand names
    • CARE ONE SORE THROAT
    • CEPASTAT EXTRA STRENGTH
    • CHLORASEPTIC SORE THROAT
    • EQUALINE SORE THROAT
    • GOOD NEIGHBOR PHARMACY SORE THROAT
    • HEALTHY ACCENTS SORE THROAT
    [more]
    Affected organism Humans and other mammals
    Indication Phenol is primarily indicated for minor sore throat pain, sore mouth, minor mouth irritation, and pain associated with canker sores. Additionally, phenol is indicated in the treatment of focal spasticity.
    Mechanism of action Phenol is a potent proteolytic agent. Concentrations in the 5% to 7% range dissolve tissue on contact via proteolysis. In high concentrations when injected next to a nerve, phenol produces a chemical neurolysis which is nonselective across nerve fiber size and most prominent on its outer aspect. Local anesthetic effects occur within 5-10 minutes.
    Categories
    • Anti-Infective Agents, Local
    • Sclerosing Solutions
    • Disinfectants
    • Antipsoriatic Agents
    ATC-Code
    • N01BX03
    • C05BB05
    • R02AA19
    • D08AE03
    CAS number 108-95-2
    Targets
    Name Sequence search Pharmacological action Actions
    Nicotinate-nucleotide--dimethylbenzimidazole phosphoribosyltransferase   Search  unknown
    Lysozyme   Search  unknown
    Thermolysin   Search  unknown
     
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