Halofuginone is a low molecular weight quinazolinone alkaloid, and a potent inhibitor of collagen alpha1(I) and matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP-2) gene expression. Halofuginone also effectively suppresses tumor progression and metastasis in mice.
Tempostatin (Collgard Biopharmaceuticals)
Humans and other mammals
For the treatment of scleroderma, cancer, and restenosis.
Halofuginone, a fully synthetic small molecule, is a potent and selective regulator of stromal cell activation, cell migration and Collagen type I synthesis, a process that has been identified as a 'master switch' in the body's tissue repair process.
Mechanism of action
Halofuginone is a potent inhibitor of collagen a1(I) and matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP-2) gene expression. Halofuginone also suppresses extracellular matrix deposition and cell proliferation. The profound antitumoral effect of halofuginone is attributed to its combined inhibition of the tumor stromal support, vascularization, invasiveness, and cell proliferation.