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ACETOHYDROXAMIC ACID
 
HAE is found in 20 entries
HAE
  •   Chemical Component Summary   Hide
    Name ACETOHYDROXAMIC ACID
    Identifiers N-hydroxyacetamide
    N-hydroxyethanamide
    Formula C2 H5 N O2
    Molecular Weight 75.07 g/mol
    Type non-polymer
    Isomeric SMILES
    InChI
    InChI key RRUDCFGSUDOHDG-UHFFFAOYSA-N
     
  •   Drug Info: DrugBank Hide
    DrugBank ID DB00551   (Stereoisomeric match)
    Name Acetohydroxamic Acid
    Groups approved
    Description Acetohydroxamic Acid, a synthetic drug derived from hydroxylamine and ethyl acetate, is similar in structure to urea. In the urine, it acts as an antagonist of the bacterial enzyme urease. Acetohydroxamic Acid has no direct antimicrobial action and does not acidify urine directly. It is used, in addition to antibiotics or medical procedures, to treat chronic urea-splitting urinary infections.
    Synonyms
    • Acethydroxamsaeure
    • Acethydroxamsaure
    • Acetic acid, oxime
    • Acetohydroxamate
    • Acetohydroxamic acid
    • Acetohydroximic acid
    • Acetyl hydroxyamino
    • Acetylhydroxamic acid
    • Acide acetohydroxamique
    • Acido acetohidroxamico
    • Acidum acetohydroxamicum
    • AHA
    • Cetohyroxamic acid
    • Lithostat
    • Methylhydroxamic acid
    • N-Acetyl hydroxyacetamide
    • N-Acetylhydroxylamine
    • N-Hydroxyacetamide
    [more]
    Brand names Lithostat
    Affected organism Enteric bacteria and other eubacteria
    Indication Used, in addition to antibiotics or medical procedures, to treat chronic urea-splitting urinary infections.
    Pharmacology Acetohydroxamic Acid, a synthetic drug derived from hydroxylamine and ethyl acetate, is similar in structure to urea. In the urine, it acts as an antagonist of the bacterial enzyme urease. Acetohydroxamic Acid has no direct antimicrobial action and does not acidify urine directly.
    Mechanism of action Acetohydroxamic Acid reversibly inhibits the bacterial enzyme urease. This inhibits the hydrolysis of urea and production of ammonia in urine infected with urea-splitting organisms, leading to a decrease in pH and ammonia levels. As antimicrobial agents are more effective in such conditions, the effectiveness of these agents is amplified, resulting in a higher cure rate.
    Route of administration Oral
    Categories Enzyme Inhibitors
    ATC-Code G04BX03
    CAS number 546-88-3
    Targets
    Name Sequence search Pharmacological action Actions
    Urease subunit alpha   Search  yes inhibitor
    Macrophage metalloelastase   Search  unknown inhibitor
     
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