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GLUTATHIONE
 
GSH is found in 270 entries
GSH
  •   Chemical Component Summary   Hide
    Name GLUTATHIONE
    Identifiers L-gamma-glutamyl-L-cysteinylglycine
    (2S)-2-azanyl-5-[[(2R)-1-(2-hydroxy-2-oxoethylamino)-1-oxidanylidene-3-sulfanyl-propan-2-yl]amino]-5-oxidanylidene-pentanoic acid
    Formula C10 H17 N3 O6 S
    Molecular Weight 307.32 g/mol
    Type non-polymer
    Isomeric SMILES
    InChI
    InChI key RWSXRVCMGQZWBV-WDSKDSINSA-N
     
  •   Drug Info: DrugBank Hide
    DrugBank ID DB00143   (Stereoisomeric match)
    Name Glutathione
    Groups
    • approved
    • nutraceutical
    Description A tripeptide with many roles in cells. It conjugates to drugs to make them more soluble for excretion, is a cofactor for some enzymes, is involved in protein disulfide bond rearrangement and reduces peroxides. [PubChem]
    Synonyms
    • 5-L-Glutamyl-L-cysteinylglycine
    • gamma-L-Glutamyl-L-cysteinyl-glycine
    • Glutathione
    • Glutathione-SH
    • GSH
    • N-(N-gamma-L-Glutamyl-L-cysteinyl)glycine
    • Reduced glutathione
    [more]
    Brand names Isethion
    Affected organism Humans and other mammals
    Indication For nutritional supplementation, also for treating dietary shortage or imbalance
    Mechanism of action Glutathione (GSH) participates in leukotriene synthesis and is a cofactor for the enzyme glutathione peroxidase. It is also important as a hydrophilic molecule that is added to lipophilic toxins and waste in the liver during biotransformation before they can become part of the bile. Glutathione is also needed for the detoxification of methylglyoxal, a toxin produced as a by-product of metabolism. This detoxification reaction is carried out by the glyoxalase system. Glyoxalase I catalyzes the conversion of methylglyoxal and reduced glutathione to S-D-Lactoyl-glutathione. Glyoxalase II catalyzes the conversion of S-D-Lactoyl Glutathione to Reduced Glutathione and D-lactate. GSH is known as a cofactor in both conjugation reactions and reduction reactions, catalyzed by glutathione S-transferase enzymes in cytosol, microsomes, and mitochondria. However, it is capable of participating in non-enzymatic conjugation with some chemicals, as it is hypothesized to do to a significant extent with n-acetyl-p-benzoquinone imine (NAPQI), the reactive cytochrome P450 reactive metabolite formed by toxic overdose of acetaminophen. Glutathione in this capacity binds to NAPQI as a suicide substrate and in the process detoxifies it, taking the place of cellular protein sulfhydryl groups which would otherwise be toxically adducted. The preferred medical treatment to an overdose of this nature, whose efficacy has been consistently supported in literature, is the administration (usually in atomized form) of N-acetylcysteine, which is used by cells to replace spent GSSG and allow a usable GSH pool.
    Categories
    • Dietary Supplements
    • Micronutrients
    • Supplements
    ATC-Code V03AB32
    CAS number 70-18-8
    Targets
    Name Sequence search Pharmacological action Actions
    Glutathione synthetase   Search  unknown
    Glutathione reductase, mitochondrial   Search  unknown
    Glutathione S-transferase Mu 1   Search  unknown
    Glutathione S-transferase kappa 1   Search  unknown
    Glutathione S-transferase A3   Search  unknown
    [more]
     
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