GGL is found in 9 entries
  •   Chemical Component Summary   Hide
    Identifiers L-glutamic acid
    (2S)-2-azanylpentanedioic acid
    Formula C5 H9 N O4
    Molecular Weight 147.13 g/mol
    Type L-gamma-peptide, C-delta linking
    Isomeric SMILES
  •   Drug Info: DrugBank Hide
    DrugBank ID DB00142   (Stereoisomeric match)
    Name L-Glutamic Acid
    • approved
    • nutraceutical
    Description A peptide that is a homopolymer of glutamic acid. [PubChem]
    • (2S)-2-Aminopentanedioic acid
    • (S)-(+)-Glutamic acid
    • (S)-2-Aminopentanedioic acid
    • (S)-Glutamic acid
    • 1-Aminopropane-1,3-dicarboxylic acid
    • 2-Aminoglutaric acid
    • 2-Aminopentanedioic acid
    • a-Aminoglutaric acid
    • a-Glutamic acid
    • Glutamic acid
    • Glutaminic acid
    • L-(+)-Glutamic acid
    • L-a-Aminoglutaric acid
    • L-Glutamate
    • L-Glutaminic acid
    Brand names
    • Aciglut
    • Glusate
    • Glutacid
    • Glutamicol
    • Glutamidex
    • Glutaminol
    • Glutaton
    Affected organism Humans and other mammals
    Indication Considered to be nature's "Brain food" by improving mental capacities; helps speed the healing of ulcers; gives a "lift" from fatigue; helps control alcoholism, schizophrenia and the craving for sugar.
    Pharmacology In addition to being one of the building blocks in protein synthesis, it is the most widespread neurotransmitter in brain function, as an excitatory neurotransmitter and as a precursor for the synthesis of GABA in GABAergic neurons.
    Mechanism of action Glutamate activates both ionotropic and metabotropic glutamate receptors. The ionotropic ones being non-NMDA (AMPA and kainate) and NMDA receptors. Free glutamic acid cannot cross the blood-brain barrier in appreciable quantities; instead it is converted into L-glutamine, which the brain uses for fuel and protein synthesis. It is conjectured that glutamate is involved in cognitive functions like learning and memory in the brain, though excessive amounts may cause neuronal damage associated in diseases like amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, lathyrism, and Alzheimer's disease. Also, the drug phencyclidine (more commonly known as PCP) antagonizes glutamate at the NMDA receptor, causing behavior reminiscent of schizophrenia. Glutamate in action is extremely difficult to study due to its transient nature.
    Route of administration Oral
    • Dietary supplement
    • Micronutrient
    • Non-Essential Amino Acids
    ATC-Code A09AB01
    AHFS-Code 40:04.00
    CAS number 56-86-0
    Name Sequence search Pharmacological action Actions
    Glutamate receptor, ionotropic kainate 3   Search  unknown
    Glutaminase liver isoform, mitochondrial   Search  unknown
    Alpha-aminoadipic semialdehyde synthase, mitochondrial   Search  unknown
    Mitochondrial glutamate carrier 1   Search  unknown
    Mitochondrial glutamate carrier 2   Search  unknown
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