An Information Portal to 111558 Biological Macromolecular Structures

FUN is found in 3 entries
  •   Chemical Component Summary   Hide
    Identifiers 4-chloro-2-[(furan-2-ylmethyl)amino]-5-sulfamoylbenzoic acid
    4-chloro-2-(furan-2-ylmethylamino)-5-sulfamoyl-benzoic acid
    Synonyms Furosemide
    Formula C12 H11 Cl N2 O5 S
    Molecular Weight 330.74 g/mol
    Type non-polymer
    Isomeric SMILES
  •   Drug Info: DrugBank Hide
    DrugBank ID DB00695   (Stereoisomeric match)
    Name Furosemide
    Groups approved
    Description A benzoic-sulfonamide-furan. It is a diuretic with fast onset and short duration that is used for edema and chronic renal insufficiency. [PubChem]
    • 2-Furfurylamino-4-chloro-5-sulfamoylbenzoic acid
    • 4-Chloro-5-sulfamoyl-N-furfuryl-anthranilic acid
    • 4-Chloro-N-(2-furylmethyl)-5-sulfamoylanthranilic acid
    • 4-Chloro-N-furfuryl-5-sulfamoylanthranilic acid
    • Frusemide
    • Furosemid
    • Furosemida
    • Furosemide
    • Furosemidu
    • Furosemidum
    • Lasix (tn)
    Brand names
    • Furosemide
    • Lasix
    Affected organism Humans and other mammals
    Indication For the treatment of edema associated with congestive heart failure, cirrhosis of the liver, and renal disease, including the nephrotic syndrome. Also for the treatment of hypertension alone or in combination with other antihypertensive agents.
    Pharmacology Furosemide, a sulfonamide-type loop diuretic structurally related to bumetanide, is used to manage hypertension and edema associated with congestive heart failure, cirrhosis, and renal disease, including the nephrotic syndrome.
    Mechanism of action Furosemide, a loop diuretic, inhibits water reabsorption in the nephron by blocking the sodium-potassium-chloride cotransporter (NKCC2) in the thick ascending limb of the loop of Henle. This is achieved through competitive inhibition at the chloride binding site on the cotransporter, thus preventing the transport of sodium from the lumen of the loop of Henle into the basolateral interstitium. Consequently, the lumen becomes more hypertonic while the interstitium becomes less hypertonic, which in turn diminishes the osmotic gradient for water reabsorption throughout the nephron. Because the thick ascending limb is responsible for 25% of sodium reabsorption in the nephron, furosemide is a very potent diuretic.
    Route of administration
    • intramuscular; intravenous
    • intravenous
    • oral
    • Diuretics
    • Sodium Potassium Chloride Symporter Inhibitors
    ATC-Code C03CA01
    AHFS-Code 40:28.08
    CAS number 54-31-9
    Name Sequence search Pharmacological action Actions
    Carbonic anhydrase 2   Search  unknown
    Solute carrier family 12 member 1   Search  yes inhibitor
Ligand Image