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(5S,5aR,8aR,9R)-9-(4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethoxyphenyl)-8-oxo-5,5a,6,8,8a,9-hexahydrofuro[3',4':6,7]naphtho[2,3-d][1,3]dioxol-5-yl 4,6-O-[(1R)-ethylidene]-beta-D-glucopyranoside
EVP is found in 2 entries
  •   Chemical Component Summary   Hide
    Name (5S,5aR,8aR,9R)-9-(4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethoxyphenyl)-8-oxo-5,5a,6,8,8a,9-hexahydrofuro[3',4':6,7]naphtho[2,3-d][1,3]dioxol-5-yl 4,6-O-[(1R)-ethylidene]-beta-D-glucopyranoside
    Identifiers (5S,5aR,8aR,9R)-5-[[(2R,4aR,6R,7R,8R,8aS)-2-methyl-7,8-bis(oxidanyl)-4,4a,6,7,8,8a-hexahydropyrano[3,2-d][1,3]dioxin-6-yl]oxy]-9-(3,5-dimethoxy-4-oxidanyl-phenyl)-5a,6,8a,9-tetrahydro-5H-[2]benzofuro[5,6-f][1,3]benzodioxol-8-one
    Synonyms Etoposide
    Formula C29 H32 O13
    Molecular Weight 588.56 g/mol
    Type non-polymer
    Isomeric SMILES
  •   Drug Info: DrugBank Hide
    DrugBank ID DB00773   (Stereoisomeric match)
    Name Etoposide
    Groups approved
    Description A semisynthetic derivative of podophyllotoxin that exhibits antitumor activity. Etoposide inhibits DNA synthesis by forming a complex with topoisomerase II and DNA. This complex induces breaks in double stranded DNA and prevents repair by topoisomerase II binding. Accumulated breaks in DNA prevent entry into the mitotic phase of cell division, and lead to cell death. Etoposide acts primarily in the G2 and S phases of the cell cycle. [PubChem]
    • (-)-Etoposide
    • 4-Demethylepipodophyllotoxin beta-D-ethylideneglucoside
    • 4'-Demethylepipodophyllotoxin 9-(4,6-O-(R)-ethylidene-beta-D-glucopyranoside)
    • 9-((4,6-O-Ethylidine-beta-D-glucopyranosyl)oxy)-5,8,8a,9-tetrahydro-5-(4-hydroxy-3,4-dimethyloxyphenyl)furo(3',4'':6,7)naptho-(2,3-D)-1,3-dioxol-6(5ah)-one
    • EPE
    • EPEG
    • Epipodophyllotoxin
    • Eposin
    • Etopophos
    • Etoposid
    • Etoposide
    • Etoposido
    • Etoposidum
    • Lastet
    • Toposar
    • trans-Etoposide
    • Vepesid
    • VP-16
    Salts Etoposide Phosphate
    Brand names
    • Etopophos
    • Etoposide
    • Toposar
    • Vepesid
    • Eposin
    • Etopofos
    • Lastet
    • Nexvep
    • Vepesid K
    • Vépéside
    Affected organism Humans and other mammals
    Indication For use in combination with other chemotherapeutic agents in the treatment of refractory testicular tumors and as first line treatment in patients with small cell lung cancer. Also used to treat other malignancies such as lymphoma, non-lymphocytic leukemia, and glioblastoma multiforme.
    Pharmacology Etoposide is an antineoplastic agent and an epipodophyllotoxin (a semisynthetic derivative of the podophyllotoxins). It inhibits DNA topoisomerase II, thereby ultimately inhibiting DNA synthesis. Etoposide is cell cycle dependent and phase specific, affecting mainly the S and G2 phases. Two different dose-dependent responses are seen. At high concentrations (10 µg/mL or more), lysis of cells entering mitosis is observed. At low concentrations (0.3 to 10 µg/mL), cells are inhibited from entering prophase. It does not interfere with microtubular assembly. The predominant macromolecular effect of etoposide appears to be the induction of DNA strand breaks by an interaction with DNA-topoisomerase II or the formation of free radicals.
    Mechanism of action Etoposide inhibits DNA topoisomerase II, thereby inhibiting DNA re-ligation. This causes critical errors in DNA synthesis at the premitotic stage of cell division and can lead to apoptosis of the cancer cell. Etoposide is cell cycle dependent and phase specific, affecting mainly the S and G2 phases of cell division. Inhibition of the topoisomerase II alpha isoform results in the anti-tumour activity of etoposide. The drug is also capable of inhibiting the beta isoform but inhibition of this target is not associated with the anti-tumour activity. It is instead associated with the carcinogenic effect.
    Route of administration
    • intravenous
    • oral
    Categories Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
    ATC-Code L01CB01
    AHFS-Code 10:00.00
    CAS number 33419-42-0
    Name Sequence search Pharmacological action Actions
    DNA topoisomerase 2-alpha   Search  yes inhibitor
    DNA topoisomerase 2-alpha   Search  yes inhibitor
    DNA topoisomerase 2-beta   Search  no inhibitor
    DNA topoisomerase 2-beta   Search  no inhibitor
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