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EFZ is found in 6 entries
  •   Chemical Component Summary   Hide
    Identifiers (4S)-6-chloro-4-(cyclopropylethynyl)-4-(trifluoromethyl)-1,4-dihydro-2H-3,1-benzoxazin-2-one
    Synonyms DMP-266
    Formula C14 H9 Cl F3 N O2
    Molecular Weight 315.68 g/mol
    Type non-polymer
    Isomeric SMILES
  •   Drug Info: DrugBank Hide
    DrugBank ID DB00625   (Stereoisomeric match)
    Name Efavirenz
    • approved
    • investigational
    Description Efavirenz (brand names Sustiva® and Stocrin®) is a non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI) and is used as part of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) for the treatment of a human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) type 1. For HIV infection that has not previously been treated, efavirenz and lamivudine in combination with zidovudine or tenofovir is the preferred NNRTI-based regimen. Efavirenz is also used in combination with other antiretroviral agents as part of an expanded postexposure prophylaxis regimen to prevent HIV transmission for those exposed to materials associated with a high risk for HIV transmission.
    • (-)-6-CHLORO-4-cyclopropylethynyl-4-trifluoromethyl-1,4-dihydro-2H-3,1-benzoxazin-2-one
    • (S)-6-chloro-4-(Cyclopropylethynyl)-1,4-dihydro-4-(trifluoromethyl)-2H-3,1-benzoxazin-2-one
    • (S)-6-chloro-4-Cyclopropylethynyl-4-trifluoromethyl-1,4-dihydro-benzo[D][1,3]oxazin-2-one
    • 6-chloro-4-(2-Cyclopropyl-1-ethynyl)-4-trifluoromethyl-(4S)-1,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[D][1,3]oxazin-2-one
    • Efavirenz
    • Éfavirenz
    • Efavirenzum
    Brand names
    • Sustiva
    • E.F
    • Efavir
    • Efavirenz
    • Efcure
    • Efferven
    • Estiva
    • Evirenz
    • Stocrin
    • Viranz
    Affected organism Human Immunodeficiency Virus
    Indication For use in combination treatment of HIV infection (AIDS)
    Pharmacology Efavirenz (dideoxyinosine, ddI) is an oral non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI). It is a synthetic purine derivative and, similar to zidovudine, zalcitabine, and stavudine. Efavirenz was originally approved specifically for the treatment of HIV infections in patients who failed therapy with zidovudine. Currently, the CDC recommends that Efavirenz be given as part of a three-drug regimen that includes another nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (e.g., lamivudine, stavudine, zidovudine) and a protease inhibitor or efavirenz when treating HIV infection.
    Mechanism of action Similar to zidovudine, efavirenz inhibits the activity of viral RNA-directed DNA polymerase (i.e., reverse transcriptase). Antiviral activity of efavirenz is dependent on intracellular conversion to the active triphosphorylated form. The rate of efavirenz phosphorylation varies, depending on cell type. It is believed that inhibition of reverse transcriptase interferes with the generation of DNA copies of viral RNA, which, in turn, are necessary for synthesis of new virions. Intracellular enzymes subsequently eliminate the HIV particle that previously had been uncoated, and left unprotected, during entry into the host cell. Thus, reverse transcriptase inhibitors are virustatic and do not eliminate HIV from the body. Even though human DNA polymerase is less susceptible to the pharmacologic effects of triphosphorylated efavirenz, this action may nevertheless account for some of the drug's toxicity.
    Route of administration oral
    • Anti-HIV Agents
    • Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors
    ATC-Code J05AG03
    AHFS-Code 08:18.08.16
    CAS number 154598-52-4
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