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DIMETHYL SULFOXIDE
 
DMS is found in 779 entries
DMS
  •   Chemical Component Summary   Hide
    Name DIMETHYL SULFOXIDE
    Identifiers methylsulfinylmethane
    Formula C2 H6 O S
    Molecular Weight 78.13 g/mol
    Type non-polymer
    Isomeric SMILES
    InChI
    InChI key IAZDPXIOMUYVGZ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
     
  •   Drug Info: DrugBank Hide
    DrugBank ID DB01093   (Stereoisomeric match)
    Name Dimethyl sulfoxide
    Groups approved
    Description A highly polar organic liquid, that is used widely as a chemical solvent. Because of its ability to penetrate biological membranes, it is used as a vehicle for topical application of pharmaceuticals. It is also used to protect tissue during cryopreservation. Dimethyl sulfoxide shows a range of pharmacological activity including analgesia and anti-inflammation. [PubChem]
    Synonyms
    • (CH3)2SO
    • Dimethyl sulfoxide
    • Dimethyl sulfur oxide
    • Dimethyl sulphoxide
    • Dimethyli sulfoxidum
    • Dimethylsulfoxid
    • Dimethylsulfoxyde
    • Dimetil sulfoxido
    • DMSO
    • Methylsulfinylmethane
    • S(O)Me2
    • Sulfinylbis(methane)
    [more]
    Brand names Rimso-50
    Affected organism Humans and other mammals
    Indication For the symptomatic relief of patients with interstitial cystitis.
    Pharmacology Dimethyl Sulfoxide may have anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and analgesic activities. Dimethyl Sulfoxide also readily penetrates cellular membranes. The membrane-penetrating ability of dimethyl sulfoxide may enhance diffusion of other substances through the skin. For this reason, mixtures of idoxuridine and dimethyl sulfoxide have been used for topical treatment of herpes zoster in the United Kingdom.
    Mechanism of action The mechanism of dimethyl sulfoxide's actions is not well understood. Dimethyl sulfoxide has demonstrated antioxidant activity in certain biological settings. For example, the cardiovascular protective effect of dimethyl sulfoxide in copper-deficient rats is thought to occur by an antioxidant mechanism. It is also thought that dimethyl sulfoxide's possible anti-inflammatory activity is due to antioxidant action.
    Route of administration
    • Intravesical
    • Topical
    Categories
    • Free Radical Scavengers
    • Solvents
    • Cryoprotective Agents
    ATC-Code
    • G04BX13
    • M02AX03
    AHFS-Code
    • 92:00.00
    • 40:36.00
    CAS number 67-68-5
     
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