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DECAMETHONIUM ION
 
DME is found in 4 entries
DME
  •   Chemical Component Summary   Hide
    Name DECAMETHONIUM ION
    Identifiers N,N,N,N',N',N'-hexamethyldecane-1,10-diaminium
    trimethyl-(10-trimethylazaniumyldecyl)azanium
    Formula C16 H38 N2
    Molecular Weight 258.49 g/mol
    Type non-polymer
    Isomeric SMILES
    InChI
    InChI key MTCUAOILFDZKCO-UHFFFAOYSA-N
     
  •   Drug Info: DrugBank Hide
    DrugBank ID DB01245   (Stereoisomeric match)
    Name Decamethonium
    Groups approved
    Description Decamethonium is a short acting depolarizing muscle relaxant or neuromuscular blocking agent, and is used in anesthesia to induce paralysis. It is similar to acetylcholine and acts as a partial agonist of the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor.
    Synonyms
    • Decamethonium
    • DECAMETHONIUM ion
    • Decamethonum
    • Decamethylenebis(trimethylammonium)
    • N,N,N,N',n',n'-hexamethyl-1,10-decanediaminium
    Brand names
    Affected organism Humans and other mammals
    Indication For use as a skeletal muscle relaxant
    Pharmacology Decamethonium acts as a depolarizing muscle relaxant or neuromuscular blocking agent. It acts as an agonist of nicotinic acetycholine receptors in the motor endplate and causes depolarization. This class of drugs has its effect at the neuromuscular junction by preventing the effects of acetylcholine. Normally, when a nerve stimulus acts to contract a muscle, it releases acetylcholine. The binding of this acetylcholine to receptors causes the muscle to contract. Muscle relaxants play an important role in anesthesia even though they don't provide any pain relief or produce unconsciousness.
    Mechanism of action Binds to the nicotinic acetycholine receptors (by virtue of its similarity to acetylcholine) in the motor endplate and blocks access to the receptors. In the process of binding, the receptor is actually activated - causing a process known as depolarization. Since it is not degraded in the neuromuscular junction, the depolarized membrance remains depolarized and unresponsive to any other impulse, causing muscle paralysis.
    Categories Neuromuscular Depolarizing Agents
    CAS number 156-74-1
    Targets
    Name Sequence search Pharmacological action Actions
    Acetylcholinesterase   Search  unknown inhibitor
    Neuronal acetylcholine receptor subunit alpha-2   Search  yes partial agonist
     
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