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An Information Portal to 105097 Biological Macromolecular Structures

 
DIETHYLSTILBESTROL
 
DES is found in 4 entries
DES
  •   Chemical Component Summary   Hide
    Name DIETHYLSTILBESTROL
    Identifiers 4,4'-(3E)-hex-3-ene-3,4-diyldiphenol
    4-[(E)-4-(4-hydroxyphenyl)hex-3-en-3-yl]phenol
    Formula C18 H20 O2
    Molecular Weight 268.35 g/mol
    Type non-polymer
    Isomeric SMILES
    InChI
    InChI key RGLYKWWBQGJZGM-ISLYRVAYSA-N
     
  •   Drug Info: DrugBank Hide
    DrugBank ID DB00255   (Stereoisomeric match)
    Name Diethylstilbestrol
    Groups approved
    Description A synthetic nonsteroidal estrogen used in the treatment of menopausal and postmenopausal disorders. It was also used formerly as a growth promoter in animals. According to the Fourth Annual Report on Carcinogens (NTP 85-002, 1985), diethylstilbestrol has been listed as a known carcinogen. (Merck, 11th ed)
    Synonyms
    • (E)-3,4-bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)-3-hexene
    • (e)-4,4'-(1,2-Diethyl-1,2-ethenediyl)bisphenol
    • 4,4'-Dihydroxy-alpha,beta-diethylstilbene
    • 4,4'-dihydroxy-α,β-diethylstilbene
    • alpha,Alpha'-diethyl-(e)-4,4'-stilbenediol
    • DES
    • Diethylstilbestrol
    • Diethylstilbestrolum
    • Dietilestilbestrol
    • Distilbene
    • Stilboestrol
    • trans-4,4'-(1,2-diethyl-1,2-ethenediyl)bisphenol
    • trans-Diethylstilbesterol
    • trans-Diethylstilbestrol
    • trans-Diethylstilboesterol
    • α,α'-diethyl-(E)-4,4'-stilbenediol
    [more]
    Brand names
    • Distilbene
    • Stilbestrol
    • Stilbetin
    Affected organism Humans and other mammals
    Indication Used in the treatment of prostate cancer. Previously used in the prevention of miscarriage or premature delivery in pregnant women prone to miscarriage or premature delivery.
    Pharmacology Diethylstilbestrol is a synthetic estrogen that was developed to supplement a woman's natural estrogen production. In 1971, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) issued a Drug Bulletin advising physicians to stop prescribing DES to pregnant women because it was linked to a rare vaginal cancer in female offspring.
    Mechanism of action Estrogens diffuse into their target cells and interact with a protein receptor, the estrogen receptor. Target cells include the female reproductive tract, the mammary gland, the hypothalamus, and the pituitary. The effect of Estrogen binding their receptors causes downstream increases the hepatic synthesis of sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG), thyroid-binding globulin (TBG), and other serum proteins and suppress follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) from the anterior pituitary. The combination of an estrogen with a progestin suppresses the hypothalamic-pituitary system, decreasing the secretion of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH).
    Route of administration Oral
    Categories
    • Carcinogens
    • Estrogens, Non-Steroidal
    ATC-Code
    • G03CB02
    • G03CC05
    • L02AA01
    AHFS-Code 68:16.04
    CAS number 56-53-1
    Targets
    Name Sequence search Pharmacological action Actions
    Estrogen receptor   Search  yes agonist
    Estrogen receptor beta   Search  yes agonist
    Estrogen-related receptor gamma   Search  yes agonist
     
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