CP6

5-(4-CHLORO-PHENYL)-6-ETHYL-PYRIMIDINE-2,4-DIAMINE

CP6 is found in 9 entries

CP6 as free ligands, exist in 9 entries. Examples include 1J3J, 2BL9, 2BLA

Find related ligands: Stereoisomers Similar ligands Chemical Structure Search

View summary at Ligand Expo

Chemical Component Summary

Name 5-(4-CHLORO-PHENYL)-6-ETHYL-PYRIMIDINE-2,4-DIAMINE
Identifiers 5-(4-chlorophenyl)-6-ethylpyrimidine-2,4-diamine
5-(4-chlorophenyl)-6-ethyl-pyrimidine-2,4-diamine
Synonyms PYRIMETHAMINE
Formula C12 H13 Cl N4
Molecular Weight 248.71 g/mol
Type non-polymer
Isomeric SMILES CCc1nc(N)nc(N)c1-c1ccc(Cl)cc1
InChI InChI=1S/C12H13ClN4/c1-2-9-10(11(14)17-12(15)16-9)7-3-5-8(13)6-4-7/h3-6H,2H2,1H3,(H4,14,15,16,17)
InChI Key WKSAUQYGYAYLPV-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Chemical Details

Formal Charge 0
Atom Count 30
Chiral Atom Count 0
Chiral Atoms
Bond Count 31
Aromatic Bond Count 13

Drug Info: DrugBank

DrugBank ID DB00205   (Stereoisomeric match)
Name Pyrimethamine
Groups approved
Description One of the folic acid antagonists that is used as an antimalarial or with a sulfonamide to treat toxoplasmosis. [PubChem]
Synonyms
  • 2,4-Diamino-5-(4-chlorophenyl)-6-ethylpyrimidine
  • 2,4-Diamino-5-(P-chlorophenyl)-6-ethylpyrimidine
  • 2,4-Diamino-5-chlorophenyl-6-ethylpyrimidine
  • 5-(4-Chlorophenyl)-6-ethyl-2,4-diaminopyrimidine
  • 5-(4-Chlorophenyl)-6-ethyl-2,4-pyrimidinediamine
Salts Pyrimethamine Hydrochloride
Brand Names
  • Daraprim
  • Fansidar Tablets
  • Pyrimethamine Leucovorin
Affected Organism Plasmodium
Indication For the treatment of toxoplasmosis and acute malaria; For the prevention of malaria in areas non-resistant to pyrimethamine
Pharmacology Pyrimethamine is an antiparasitic compound commonly used as an adjunct in the treatment of uncomplicated, chloroquine resistant, P. falciparum malaria. Pyrimethamine is a folic acid antagonist and the rationale for its therapeutic action is based on the differential requirement between host and parasite for nucleic acid precursors involved in growth. This activity is highly selective against plasmodia and Toxoplasma gondii. Pyrimethamine possesses blood schizonticidal and some tissue schizonticidal activity against malaria parasites of humans. However, the 4-amino-quinoline compounds are more effective against the erythrocytic schizonts. It does not destroy gametocytes, but arrests sporogony in the mosquito. The action of pyrimethamine against Toxoplasma gondii is greatly enhanced when used in conjunction with sulfonamides.
Mechanism of action Pyrimethamine inhibits the dihydrofolate reductase of plasmodia and thereby blocks the biosynthesis of purines and pyrimidines, which are essential for DNA synthesis and cell multiplication. This leads to failure of nuclear division at the time of schizont formation in erythrocytes and liver.
Route of administration oral
Categories
  • Antimalarials
  • Antiprotozoal Agents
  • Folic Acid Antagonists
ATC-Code P01BD01
AHFS-Code 08:30.08
CAS number 58-14-0
Drug Info/Drug Targets: DrugBank 3.0: a comprehensive resource for 'omics' research on drugs. Knox C, Law V, Jewison T, Liu P, Ly S, Frolkis A, Pon A, Banco K, Mak C, Neveu V, Djoumbou Y, Eisner R, Guo AC, Wishart DS. Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 Jan; 39 (Database issue):D1035-41. | PMID: 21059682