BTN

BIOTIN

BTN is found in 96 entries

BTN in polymers: 8 entries. Examples include: 1VQ6, 1VQN, 3D9L

BTN as free ligands, exist in 88 entries. Examples include 1AVD, 1BDO, 1BIB

Find related ligands: Stereoisomers Similar ligands Chemical Structure Search

View summary at Ligand Expo

Chemical Component Summary

Name BIOTIN
Identifiers 5-[(3aS,4S,6aR)-2-oxohexahydro-1H-thieno[3,4-d]imidazol-4-yl]pentanoic acid
5-[(3aS,4S,6aR)-2-oxidanylidene-1,3,3a,4,6,6a-hexahydrothieno[3,4-d]imidazol-4-yl]pentanoic acid
Formula C10 H16 N2 O3 S
Molecular Weight 244.31 g/mol
Type non-polymer
Isomeric SMILES OC(=O)CCCC[C@@H]1SC[C@@H]2NC(=O)N[C@H]12
InChI InChI=1S/C10H16N2O3S/c13-8(14)4-2-1-3-7-9-6(5-16-7)11-10(15)12-9/h6-7,9H,1-5H2,(H,13,14)(H2,11,12,15)/t6-,7-,9-/m0/s1
InChI Key YBJHBAHKTGYVGT-ZKWXMUAHSA-N

Chemical Details

Formal Charge 0
Atom Count 32
Chiral Atom Count 3
Chiral Atoms C2 C5 C4
Bond Count 33
Aromatic Bond Count 0
Leaving Atoms O12 HO2

Drug Info: DrugBank

DrugBank ID DB00121   (Stereoisomeric match)
Name Biotin
Groups
  • approved
  • nutraceutical
Description A water-soluble, enzyme co-factor present in minute amounts in every living cell. It occurs mainly bound to proteins or polypeptides and is abundant in liver, kidney, pancreas, yeast, and milk. [PubChem]
Synonyms
  • (+)-cis-Hexahydro-2-oxo-1H-thieno[3,4]imidazole-4-valeric acid
  • (3AS,4S,6ar)-hexahydro-2-oxo-1H-thieno[3,4-D]imidazole-4-valeric acid
  • 5-(2-Oxohexahydro-1H-thieno[3,4-D]imidazol-4-yl)pentanoic acid
  • Biotin
  • Biotina
  • Biotine
  • Biotinum
  • cis-(+)-Tetrahydro-2-oxothieno[3,4]imidazoline-4-valeric acid
  • cis-Hexahydro-2-oxo-1H-thieno(3,4)imidazole-4-valeric acid
  • cis-Tetrahydro-2-oxothieno(3,4-D)imidazoline-4-valeric acid
  • Coenzyme R
  • D-(+)-Biotin
  • D-Biotin
  • D(+)-Biotin
  • Vitamin B7
  • Vitamin H
[more]
Brand Names
  • Acti-biotin 300 Caplet 300mcg
  • Avon Nutrivance Stress Formula
  • B Complex W Vit C W Non-med Yeast&liver Tab
  • B-50 Complex Tab
  • B-complex Tablets
  • B-plex
  • B50 B Complex Tab
  • Balanced B-100 Timed Release
  • Balanced B-50 Complex
  • Biona-vit Controls and Prevents Hair Loss
  • Biotin 300mcg
  • Biotin 300 Mcg - Tablet
  • Biotin 300 Mcg Tablet
  • Biotin 500mcg
  • Biotin Cap 500mcg
  • Biotin Ctr Srt 1000mcg
  • Biotin Tab 250mcg
  • Biotin Tab 300mcg
  • Bonnoir Hair Medi
  • Bonogen Activator Hair Loss Treatment
  • C-B Complex
  • Carbassist Tablets
  • Cda-21 Vitamins With Non-medicinal Probiotic Complex
  • Chewable Children's Complete Multivitamins With Essential Minerals
  • Children's Chewable Multi-vitamin Complete With Minerals
  • Children's Chewable Multivitamins With Minerals
  • Complex-75
  • Complexe B-75
  • Concept DHA
  • Concept Ob
  • D-biotin Tab 5mcg A Croquer
  • Dia-vite
  • Diaplex
  • Divista
  • Doll Lash
  • Feriva
  • Feriva Fa
  • Ferivafa
  • Folcaps Care One
  • Hairq-plus
  • Hemenatal Ob
  • Hi Potency Balanced B-100 Complex - Tab
  • Hill.vite
  • Integra Plus
  • Kanga Sport Vitamins B & C Plus Minerals
  • Kanga-B Vitamin B Group + C
  • Kanga-kid Multi-vitamin & Mineral
  • Lancell Hair Loss Prevention Hair Grower Clean Formula
  • Leritone Junior
  • Maxfe
  • Moreturn Hair
  • Moreturn Hair Tonic
  • Morreturn Hair Care
  • Multi
  • 2
  • Multi-vitamins for Infusion Liq
  • Mynephrocaps Dialysis/stress Vitamin Supplement
  • Nata Komplete
  • Ndm Scalp
  • Nephrocaps
  • Nexa Plus
  • Nioxin Recharging Complex
  • Nutrol-B-complex
  • Phytopecia Hair Tonic
  • Polymine Avec Zinc Et Cuivre
  • Prefera Ob Plus DHA
  • Preferaob
  • Preferaob Plus DHA
  • Prenatal Mega Antioxidant
  • Prenate Star
  • Reno Caps
  • Replavite
  • Shen Min Vitamin Supplement
  • Shen Min Vitamin and Mineral Supplement
  • Spai-sons Procapell
  • Spai-sons Prolac-vit
  • Stress B Complex With C, E & Iron
  • Stress Complex 600 Avec Vit E Cuivre Zinc
  • Stress Formula
  • Stress Formula + Iron
  • Stress Formula Multivitamin Tablets USP
  • Stress Formula Tab
  • Stressease Plus Vitamins and Minerals
  • Strovite Forte Caplet
  • Strovite One Caplets
  • Super Pantoplex
  • Supravite Stress Avec Vit E
  • Supravite Stress Avec Vit E Cuivre Et Zinc
  • Supravite Stress Avec Vit E Et Fer
  • T.R.I. B-plex Src
  • Therapytion Nokmosu Neutral and Oily Hair
  • Therapytion Nokmosu Sensitive and Dry Hair
  • Tk-nax
  • Virt-PN
  • Virt-PN Plus
  • Virt-caps
  • Virt-vite Plus
  • Vita-B-75 Cap
  • Vitamin B Complex Tab
  • Vp-heme Ob
  • Vp-heme One
  • Appearex
  • Biodermatin
  • Biotin Forte
  • Meribin
  • Nail-ex
[more]
Affected Organism Humans and other mammals
Indication For nutritional supplementation, also for treating dietary shortage or imbalance.
Pharmacology Biotin is a water-soluble B-complex vitamin which is composed of an ureido ring fused with a tetrahydrothiophene ring. A valeric acid substituent is attached to one of the carbon atoms of the tetrahydrothiophene ring. Biotin is used in cell growth, the production of fatty acids, metabolism of fats, and amino acids. It plays a role in the Kreb cycle, which is the process in which energy is released from food. Biotin not only assists in various metabolic chemical conversions, but also helps with the transfer of carbon dioxide. Biotin is also helpful in maintaining a steady blood sugar level. Biotin is often recommended for strengthening hair and nails. Consequenty, it is found in many cosmetic and health products for the hair and skin. Biotin deficiency is a rare nutritional disorder caused by a deficiency of biotin. Initial symptoms of biotin deficiency include: Dry skin, Seborrheic dermatitis, Fungal infections, rashes including erythematous periorofacial macular rash, fine and brittle hair, and hair loss or total alopecia. If left untreated, neurological symptoms can develop, including mild depression, which may progress to profound lassitude and, eventually, to somnolence; changes in mental status, generalized muscular pains (myalgias), hyperesthesias and paresthesias. The treatment for biotin deficiency is to simply start taking some biotin supplements. A lack of biotin in infants will lead to a condition called seborrheic dermatitis or "cradle cap". Biotin deficiencies are extremely rare in adults but if it does occur, it will lead to anemia, depression, hair loss, high blood sugar levels, muscle pain, nausea, loss of appetite and inflamed mucous membranes.
Mechanism of action Biotin is necessary for the proper functioning of enzymes that transport carboxyl units and fix carbon dioxide, and is required for various metabolic functions, including gluconeogenesis, lipogenesis, fatty acid biosynthesis, propionate metabolism, and catabolism of branched-chain amino acids.
Route of administration
  • intravenous
  • oral
  • topical
Categories
  • Vitamin B Complex
  • ["D27.505.696.377.605.600.708"]
  • Dietary Supplements
  • ["G07.203.300.456", "J02.500.456"]
  • Micronutrients
  • ["D27.505.696.377.605", "G07.203.300.631", "J02.500.631"]
  • Supplements
  • []
[more]
ATC-Code A11HA05
AHFS-Code 88:08.00
CAS number 58-85-5
Drug Info/Drug Targets: DrugBank 3.0: a comprehensive resource for 'omics' research on drugs. Knox C, Law V, Jewison T, Liu P, Ly S, Frolkis A, Pon A, Banco K, Mak C, Neveu V, Djoumbou Y, Eisner R, Guo AC, Wishart DS. Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 Jan; 39 (Database issue):D1035-41. | PMID: 21059682