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ASPARTIC ACID
 
ASP is found in 99966 entries
ASP
  •   Chemical Component Summary   Hide
    Name ASPARTIC ACID
    Identifiers L-aspartic acid
    (2S)-2-azanylbutanedioic acid
    Formula C4 H7 N O4
    Molecular Weight 133.10 g/mol
    Type L-peptide linking
    Isomeric SMILES
    InChI
    InChI key CKLJMWTZIZZHCS-REOHCLBHSA-N
     
  •   Drug Info: DrugBank Hide
    DrugBank ID DB00128   (Stereoisomeric match)
    Name L-Aspartic Acid
    Groups
    • approved
    • nutraceutical
    Description One of the non-essential amino acids commonly occurring in the L-form. It is found in animals and plants, especially in sugar cane and sugar beets. It may be a neurotransmitter. [PubChem]
    Synonyms
    • (S)-2-aminobutanedioic acid
    • (S)-2-aminosuccinic acid
    • 2-Aminosuccinic acid
    • Asp
    • Aspartic acid
    • D
    • L-Asp
    • L-Asparaginsaeure
    • L-Asparaginsäure
    • L-Aspartate
    • L-Aspartic acid
    [more]
    Affected organism Humans and other mammals
    Indication There is no support for the claim that aspartates are exercise performance enhancers, i.e. ergogenic aids.
    Pharmacology L-aspartate is considered a non-essential amino acid, meaning that, under normal physiological conditions, sufficient amounts of the amino acid are synthesized in the body to meet the body's requirements. L-aspartate is formed by the transamination of the Krebs cycle intermediate oxaloacetate. The amino acid serves as a precursor for synthesis of proteins, oligopeptides, purines, pyrimidines, nucleic acids and L-arginine. L-aspartate is a glycogenic amino acid, and it can also promote energy production via its metabolism in the Krebs cycle. These latter activities were the rationale for the claim that supplemental aspartate has an anti-fatigue effect on skeletal muscle, a claim that was never confirmed.
    Mechanism of action There are also claims that L-aspartate has ergogenic effects, that it enhances performance in both prolonged exercise and short intensive exercise. It is hypothesized that L-aspartate, especially the potassium magnesium aspartate salt, spares stores of muscle glycogen and/or promotes a faster rate of glycogen resynthesis during exercise. It has also been hypothesized that L-aspartate can enhance short intensive exercise by serving as a substrate for energy production in the Krebs cycle and for stimulating the purine nucleotide cycle.
    Categories
    • Dietary Supplements
    • Micronutrients
    • Supplements
    • Non-Essential Amino Acids
    ATC-Code B03AA09
    CAS number 56-84-8
    Targets
    Name Sequence search Pharmacological action Actions
    Aspartoacylase   Search  unknown
    Asparagine synthetase [glutamine-hydrolyzing]   Search  unknown
    Calcium-binding mitochondrial carrier protein Aralar1   Search  unknown
    Calcium-binding mitochondrial carrier protein Aralar2   Search  unknown
    Calcium-binding mitochondrial carrier protein Aralar2   Search  unknown
    [more]
     
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