ADN

ADENOSINE

ADN is found in 129 entries

ADN in polymers: 1 entries. Examples include: 5K8H,

ADN as free ligands, exist in 128 entries. Examples include 1BX4, 1D4F, 1DGM

Find related ligands: Stereoisomers Similar ligands Chemical Structure Search

View summary at Ligand Expo

Chemical Component Summary

Name ADENOSINE
Identifiers (2R,3R,4S,5R)-2-(6-aminopurin-9-yl)-5-(hydroxymethyl)oxolane-3,4-diol
Formula C10 H13 N5 O4
Molecular Weight 267.24 g/mol
Type non-polymer
Isomeric SMILES Nc1ncnc2n(cnc12)[C@@H]1O[C@H](CO)[C@@H](O)[C@H]1O
InChI InChI=1S/C10H13N5O4/c11-8-5-9(13-2-12-8)15(3-14-5)10-7(18)6(17)4(1-16)19-10/h2-4,6-7,10,16-18H,1H2,(H2,11,12,13)/t4-,6-,7-,10-/m1/s1
InChI Key OIRDTQYFTABQOQ-KQYNXXCUSA-N

Chemical Details

Formal Charge 0
Atom Count 32
Chiral Atom Count 4
Chiral Atoms C4' C3' C2' C1'
Bond Count 34
Aromatic Bond Count 10
Leaving Atoms O2' HO2'

Drug Info: DrugBank

DrugBank ID DB00640   (Stereoisomeric match)
Name Adenosine
Groups
  • approved
  • investigational
Description A nucleoside that is composed of adenine and d-ribose. Adenosine or adenosine derivatives play many important biological roles in addition to being components of DNA and RNA. Adenosine itself is a neurotransmitter. [PubChem]
Synonyms
  • (2R,3R,4S,5R)-2-(6-Aminopurin-9-yl)-5-(hydroxymethyl)oxolane-3,4-diol
  • 6-Amino-9-beta-D-ribofuranosyl-9H-purine
  • 9-beta-D-Ribofuranosidoadenine
  • 9-beta-D-Ribofuranosyl-9H-purin-6-amine
  • Ade-rib
  • Adenin riboside
  • Adenine deoxyribonucleoside
  • Adenocard
  • Adenocor
  • Adenoscan
  • Adenosin
  • Adenosina
  • Adénosine
  • Adenosinum
  • Adenyldeoxyriboside
  • Ado
  • beta-D-Adenosine
  • Deoxyadenosine
  • Desoxyadenosine
[more]
Brand Names
  • A.H.C. Collagen Cream
  • A.H.C. Collagen Toner
  • A.H.c Real Eye for Face
  • Absolute Total Bb Spf37 Pa 3plus
  • Adenocard
  • Adenocard - Liq Rapid Bolus IV 3mg/ml
  • Adenocard Injection -pre-filled Syringe
  • Adenocard Liq IV 3mg/ml
  • Adenocard Liq IV 3mg/ml (pre-filled Syringe)
  • Adenoscan
  • Adenoscan - (for IV Infusion Only)
  • Adenosine
  • Adenosine Injection
  • Adenosine Injection, USP
  • Ahc Collagen Serum
  • Ahc Complex Choice Egf Booster
  • Ahc Hydration Special Gen Cream
  • Ahc Hydration Special Gen Mask
  • Ahc Hydration Special Gen Serum
  • Ahc Hydration Special Gen Solution
  • Ahc Premium Intense Contour Balm
  • Ahc Revitalizing Special Gen Cream
  • Ahc Revitalizing Special Gen Mask
  • Ahc Revitalizing Special Gen Serum
  • Ahc Revitalizing Special Gen Solution
  • Ahc Vital C Complex Mask
  • Ahc Vital Complex C-15 Ampoule
  • Aj-adenosine
  • Aqua Collagen Coenzyme Q10 Hydro Mask
  • B.S.c Ampul
  • Bellaskin Skin-rebirth Contour
  • Birds Nest Forever Young Multi Care Lifting
  • Capture Collagen Ampoule
  • Capture Hyaluronic Ampoule
  • Complete Choice Moisture Amploule
  • Conju Princess Bb
  • Derma Blemish Balm Blemish Balm
  • Dr Deep Aqua Wrinklecream
  • Dr G Dewrinkle Booster Ample By Egf
  • Dr G Dewrinkle Fortifier By Egf
  • Dr G Dewrinkle Reformer By Egf
  • Dr.eslee Triple Action Bb
  • Elcure Aout Rose
  • Elcure Q Serum
  • Galactomyces 95 Whitening Power Essence
  • Iaso A5 Super Brightening Formula
  • Iaso Pregressive Age Care Eye
  • Iaso Progressive Age Care
  • Iaso Progressive Age Care Emulsion
  • Iaso Progressive Age Care Serum
  • Iaso Progressive Age Care Toner
  • Iaso Triple Protection Bb SPF 30 Pa
  • Mamachi Moms Stretch Mark Cream
  • Manefit Beauty Planner Lavender Wrinkle Lifting Mask
  • Mioggi Healing Effector Rx Collagenic
  • Mioggi Magic Advanced Skin Essential Activator
  • Natural Sun AQ Total Anti-aging Essence Sun
  • Neogen Agecure One Minute Wrinkle Rx
  • Neogen Code9 Gold Black Caviar Essence
  • Neogen Code9 Lemon Green Caviar Essence
  • Niveola 3d Animal Cat Mask Pack
  • Niveola 3d Animal Dog Mask Pack
  • Nmc Magic Serum
  • Nmc Staypot Double Programing Cream
  • Oozoo Face Ampoule Alpha One Hydro Lift
  • Oozoo Face Ampoule Alpha One Nutrient
  • Oozoo Face Mask Alpha One Hydro Lift
  • Oozoo Face Mask Alpha One Illumination Ampoule
  • Oozoo Face Mask Alpha One Illumination Mask
  • Oozoo Face Mask Alpha One Illumination Serum
  • Oozoo Face Mask Alpha One Nutirient
  • Oozoo Face Serum Alpha One Hydro Lift
  • Oozoo Face Serum Alpha One Nutrient
  • P1p Chitosan V-mask
  • P1p Magic Whitening Antiaging
  • P1p Skin Rebirth Cream
  • PMS-adenosine
  • Plalab Placenta Ample Essence
  • Plalab Placenta Mask
  • Plalab Placenta R-20
  • Plalab Placenta Skin Booster
  • Primerose Egf
  • Primerose Snail
  • Primerose White Milky Cb
  • Rep Nutrinature Ultra All In One Multitem
  • Rep Nutrinature Ultra Moist Gel Oil
  • Rep Nutrinature Ultra Nourishing Cream
  • Rep Nutrinature Ultra-all-night Moisture Relief Mask
  • Ruby Cell 4u
  • Ruby Cell 4u Ampoule
  • Ruby Cell 4u Ampoule Premium
  • Sallys Box Gold Snail Hydrogel Mask
  • Sheza Gusl Firming Mask Pack
  • Skin-ion
  • Snail Skin Booster
  • Stem Cell Renew
  • Stem Cell Wrinkle Serum
  • Super Plus Beblesh Balm Triple Functions Spf50 Plus Pa 3plus (40g)
  • Superplus Beblesh Balm Gold Spf25 Pa 2plus
  • Superplus Beblesh Balm Spf25 Pa 2plus
  • Superplus Beblesh Balm Triple Functions Spf25 Pa 2plus
  • The Oriental Gold Bb Spf25 Pa 2plus
  • The Prestige Bb Spf25 Pa 2plus
  • Tosowoong Mens Booster Repair
  • U-max Wrinkle Serum
  • Adenocor
  • Adenoject
  • Adenoz
  • Adenozer
  • Adesin
  • Adrekar
  • Atépadène
  • Cardimax
  • Cardiovert
  • Krenosin
  • Osiden
  • Pisdeno
[more]
Affected Organism Humans and other mammals
Indication Used as an initial treatment for the termination of paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (PVST), including that associated with accessory bypass tracts, and is a drug of choice for terminating stable, narrow-complex supraventricular tachycardias (SVT). Also used as an adjunct to thallous chloride TI 201 myocardial perfusion scintigraphy (thallium stress test) in patients who are unable to exercise adequately, as well as an adjunct to vagal maneuvers and clinical assessment to establish a specific diagnosis of undefined, stable, narrow-complex SVT.
Pharmacology Adenosine is an endogenous nucleoside occurring in all cells of the body and is not chemically related to other antiarrhythmic drugs. Adenosine may exert its pharmacologic effects by activation of purine (cell surface A1 and A2 adenosine) receptors, as well as relax vascular smooth muscles through the reduction in calcium uptake by inhibition of slow inward calcium current and activation of adenylate cyclase in smooth muscle cells. Adenosine may reduce vascular tone by modulation of sympathetic neurotransmission. The drug also has negative chronotropic, dromotropic, and inotropic effects on the heart by slowing conduction time throught he AV node and interrupting AV nodal reentry pathways. Adenosine is a potent vasodilator in most vascular beds, but vasoconstriction is produced in renal afferent arterioles and hepatic veins. The drug produces a net mild to moderate reduction in systolic, diastolic, and mean arterial blood pressure and a reflex increase in heart rate. Adenosine is antagonized competitively by methylxanthines such as caffeine and theophylline, and potentiated by blockers of nucleoside transport such as dipyridamole. Adenosine is not blocked by atropine.
Mechanism of action Adenosine slows conduction time through the AV node and can interrupt the reentry pathways through the AV node, resulting in the restoration of normal sinus rhythm in patients with paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (PSVT), including PSVT associated with Wolff-Parkinson-White Syndrome. This effect may be mediated through the drug's activation of cell-surface A1 and A2 adenosine receptors. Adenosine also inhibits the slow inward calcium current and activation of adenylate cyclase in smooth muscle cells, thereby causing relaxation of vascular smooth muscle. By increasing blood flow in normal coronary arteries with little or no increase in stenotic arteries (with little to no increase in stenotic arteries), adenosine produces a relative difference in thallous (thallium) chloride TI 201 uptake in myocardium supplied by normal verus stenotic coronary arteries.
Route of administration
  • intravenous
  • topical
Categories
  • Anti-Arrhythmia Agents
  • Analgesics
  • Vasodilator Agents
  • Cardiovascular Agents
ATC-Code C01EB10
AHFS-Code 92:00.00
CAS number 58-61-7
Drug Info/Drug Targets: DrugBank 3.0: a comprehensive resource for 'omics' research on drugs. Knox C, Law V, Jewison T, Liu P, Ly S, Frolkis A, Pon A, Banco K, Mak C, Neveu V, Djoumbou Y, Eisner R, Guo AC, Wishart DS. Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 Jan; 39 (Database issue):D1035-41. | PMID: 21059682