Chemical Component Summary

Name ISOPRENALINE
Identifiers 4-[(1R)-1-hydroxy-2-(propan-2-ylamino)ethyl]benzene-1,2-diol
Formula C11 H17 N O3
Molecular Weight 211.26 g/mol
Type non-polymer
Isomeric SMILES CC(C)NC[C@H](O)c1ccc(O)c(O)c1
InChI InChI=1S/C11H17NO3/c1-7(2)12-6-11(15)8-3-4-9(13)10(14)5-8/h3-5,7,11-15H,6H2,1-2H3/t11-/m0/s1
InChI Key JWZZKOKVBUJMES-NSHDSACASA-N

Chemical Details

Formal Charge 0
Atom Count 32
Chiral Atom Count 1
Chiral Atoms CAE
Bond Count 32
Aromatic Bond Count 6

Drug Info: DrugBank

DrugBank ID DB01064   (Different stereochemistry)
Name Isoprenaline
Groups approved
Description Isopropyl analog of epinephrine; beta-sympathomimetic that acts on the heart, bronchi, skeletal muscle, alimentary tract, etc. It is used mainly as bronchodilator and heart stimulant. [PubChem]
Synonyms
  • (+-)-Isoprenaline
  • (+-)-Isoproterenol
  • (±)-isoprenaline
  • (±)-isoproterenol
  • 1-(3,4-Dihydroxyphenyl)-2-(isopropylamino)ethanol
  • 1-(3,4-Dihydroxyphenyl)-2-isopropylaminoethanol
  • 3,4-Dihydroxy-alpha-[(isopropylamino)methyl]benzyl alcohol
  • alpha-(Isopropylaminomethyl)protocatechuyl alcohol
  • Isoprenalina
  • Isoprenaline
  • Isoprenalinum
  • Isopropyl noradrenaline
  • Isoproterenol
  • N-Isopropyl-beta-dihydroxyphenyl-beta-hydroxyethylamine
  • N-isopropyl-β-dihydroxyphenyl-β-hydroxyethylamine
  • N-Isopropylnoradrenaline
  • N-Isopropylnorepinephrine
  • α-(isopropylaminomethyl)protocatechuyl alcohol
[more]
Salts
  • Isoprenaline Hydrochloride
  • Isoproterenol sulfate
Brand Names
  • Isoproterenol HCl Inj 1:5000
  • Isoproterenol Hydrochloride Injection USP
  • Isuprel
  • Isuprel Inj 0.2mg/ml
  • Isuprel Liq 0.2mg/ml
  • Isuprel Liq 0.5%
  • Isuprel Liq Inh 0.5%
  • Isuprel Mistometer 125mcg/aem
  • Isuprel Mistometer Aem 0.25%
  • Medihaler-Iso
  • Proternol L
  • Saventrine
[more]
Affected Organism Humans and other mammals
Indication For the treatment of mild or transient episodes of heart block that do not require electric shock or pacemaker therapy also used in management of asthma and chronic bronchitis
Pharmacology Isoproterenol is a relatively selective beta2-adrenergic bronchodilator. Isoproterenol is indicated for the relief of bronchospasm associated with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The pharmacologic effects of beta adrenergic agonist drugs, including Isoproterenol, are at least in part attributable to stimulation through beta adrenergic receptors of intracellular adenyl cyclase, the enzyme which catalyzes the conversion of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) to cyclic- 3',5'- adenosine monophosphate (c-AMP). Increased c-AMP levels are associated with relaxation of bronchial smooth muscle and inhibition of release of mediators of immediate hypersensitivity from cells, especially from mast cells.
Mechanism of action The pharmacologic effects of isoproterenol are at least in part attributable to stimulation through beta-adrenergic receptors of intracellular adenyl cyclase, the enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) to cyclic AMP. Increased cyclic AMP levels are associated with relaxation of bronchial smooth muscle and inhibition of release of mediators of immediate hypersensitivity from cells, especially from mast cells.
Route of administration
  • inhalation
  • intracardiac; intramuscular; intravenous; subcutaneous
  • intramuscular; intravenous; subcutaneous
  • intravenous
Categories
  • Sympathomimetics
  • Bronchodilator Agents
  • Cardiotonic Agents
  • Adrenergic beta-Agonists
ATC-Code
  • C01CA02
  • R03AB02
  • R03CB01
AHFS-Code
  • 12:12.08.04
  • 52:92.00
  • 84:04.12
  • 84:04.92
CAS number 7683-59-2
Drug Info/Drug Targets: DrugBank 3.0: a comprehensive resource for 'omics' research on drugs. Knox C, Law V, Jewison T, Liu P, Ly S, Frolkis A, Pon A, Banco K, Mak C, Neveu V, Djoumbou Y, Eisner R, Guo AC, Wishart DS. Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 Jan; 39 (Database issue):D1035-41. | PMID: 21059682