An Information Portal to 110790 Biological Macromolecular Structures

X89 is found in 1 entries
  •   Chemical Component Summary   Hide
    Name 1-[(2R)-2-[(2,4-dichlorobenzyl)oxy]-2-(2,4-dichlorophenyl)ethyl]-1H-imidazole
    Identifiers 1-[(2R)-2-(2,4-dichlorophenyl)-2-[(2,4-dichlorophenyl)methoxy]ethyl]imidazole
    Formula C18 H14 Cl4 N2 O
    Molecular Weight 416.13 g/mol
    Type non-polymer
    Isomeric SMILES
  •   Drug Info: DrugBank Hide
    DrugBank ID DB01110   (Different stereochemistry)
    Name Miconazole
    • approved
    • investigational
    Description An imidazole antifungal agent that is used topically and by intravenous infusion. [PubChem]
    • 1-(2,4-Dichloro-beta-((2,4-dichlorobenzyl)oxy)phenethyl)imidazole
    • 1-[2-(2,4-Dichloro-benzyloxy)-2-(2,4-dichloro-phenyl)-ethyl]-1H-imidazole
    • Daktarin iv
    • Miconazole
    • Monistat iv (tn)
    Brand names
    • Desenex
    • Makesense
    • Micatin
    • Miconazole
    • Oravig
    • Rash Relief Antifungal
    Affected organism Fungi, yeast and protozoans
    Indication For topical application in the treatment of tinea pedis (athlete’s foot), tinea cruris, and tinea corporis caused by Trichophyton rubrum, Trichophyton mentagrophytes, and Epidermophyton floccosum, in the treatment of cutaneous candidiasis (moniliasis), and in the treatment of tinea versicolor.
    Pharmacology Miconazole is an anti-fungal medication related to fluconazole (Diflucan), ketoconazole (Nizoral), itraconazole (Sporanox), and clotrimazole (Lotrimin, Mycelex). It is used either on the skin or in the vagina for fungal infections. Miconazole was approved by the FDA in 1974. Miconazole prevents fungal organisms from producing vital substances required for growth and function. This medication is effective only for infections caused by fungal organisms. It will not work for bacterial or viral infections.
    Mechanism of action Miconazole interacts with 14-α demethylase, a cytochrome P-450 enzyme necessary to convert lanosterol to ergosterol. As ergosterol is an essential component of the fungal cell membrane, inhibition of its synthesis results in increased cellular permeability causing leakage of cellular contents. Miconazole may also inhibit endogenous respiration, interact with membrane phospholipids, inhibit the transformation of yeasts to mycelial forms, inhibit purine uptake, and impair triglyceride and/or phospholipid biosynthesis.
    Route of administration
    • buccal
    • topical
    • Antifungal Agents
    • 14-alpha Demethylase Inhibitors
    • A01AB09
    • A07AC01
    • D01AC02
    • G01AF04
    • J02AB01
    • S02AA13
    AHFS-Code 84:04.08.08
    CAS number 22916-47-8
    Name Sequence search Pharmacological action Actions
    Nitric oxide synthase, inducible   Search  unknown inhibitor
    Potassium voltage-gated channel subfamily H member 2   Search  unknown inhibitor
    Lanosterol 14-alpha demethylase   Search  yes inhibitor
    Nitric oxide synthase, endothelial   Search  unknown inhibitor
    Intermediate conductance calcium-activated potassium channel protein 4   Search  unknown inhibitor
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