An Information Portal to 112722 Biological Macromolecular Structures

STL is found in 20 entries
  •   Chemical Component Summary   Hide
    Identifiers 5-[(E)-2-(4-hydroxyphenyl)ethenyl]benzene-1,3-diol
    Formula C14 H12 O3
    Molecular Weight 228.24 g/mol
    Type non-polymer
    Isomeric SMILES
  •   Drug Info: DrugBank Hide
    DrugBank ID DB02709   (Stereoisomeric match)
    Name Resveratrol
    • experimental
    • investigational
    Description Resveratrol (3,5,4'-trihydroxystilbene) is a polyphenolic phytoalexin. It is a stilbenoid, a derivate of stilbene, and is produced in plants with the help of the enzyme stilbene synthase. It exists as two structural isomers: cis-(Z) and trans-(E), with the trans-isomer shown in the top image. The trans- form can undergo isomerisation to the cis- form when heated or exposed to ultraviolet irradiation. In a 2004 issue of Science, Dr. Sinclair of Harvard University said resveratrol is not an easy molecule to protect from oxidation. It has been claimed that it is readily degraded by exposure to light, heat, and oxygen. However, studies find that Trans-resveratrol undergoes negligible oxidation in normal atmosphere at room temperature. [Wikipedia]
    • (E)-5-(2-(4-hydroxyphenyl)ethenyl)-1,3-benzenediol
    • (E)-5-(p-Hydroxystyryl)resorcinol
    • (E)-5-[2-(4-hydroxyphenyl)ethenyl]-1,3-benzendiol
    • (E)-5-[2-(4-Hydroxyphenyl)ethenyl]-1,3-benzenediol
    • (E)-resveratrol
    • 3,4',5-Stilbenetriol
    • 3,4',5-trihydroxy-stilbene
    • 3,4',5-Trihydroxystilbene
    • trans-3,4',5-trihydroxystilbene
    Brand names
    Affected organism Humans and other mammals
    Indication Being investigated for the treatment of Herpes labialis infections (cold sores).
    Pharmacology Resveratrol, a phytoalexin, has been found to inhibit herpes simplex virus types 1 and 2 (HSV-1 and HSV-2) replication in a dose-dependent, reversible manner, although this is only one of its many pharmaceutical properties. In some countries where there is higher consumption of red wine, there appears to be a lower incidence of heart disease. Other benefits of resveratrol include its anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects. In preclinical studies, Resveratrol has been found to have potential anticancer properties.
    Mechanism of action Resveratrol suppresses NF-kappaB (NF-kappaB) activation in HSV infected cells. Reports have indicated that HSV activates NF-kappaB during productive infection and this may be an essential aspect of its replication scheme [PMID: 9705914].
    • Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors
    • Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal
    • Enzyme Inhibitors
    • Antioxidants
    • Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
    • Anticarcinogenic Agents
    • Antimutagenic Agents
    CAS number 501-36-0
    Name Sequence search Pharmacological action Actions
    Prostaglandin G/H synthase 1   Search  unknown inhibitor
    Ribosyldihydronicotinamide dehydrogenase [quinone]   Search  unknown
    Prostaglandin G/H synthase 2   Search  unknown inhibitor
    Casein kinase II subunit alpha   Search  unknown
Ligand Image