Chemical Component Summary

Identifiers 5-[(E)-2-(4-hydroxyphenyl)ethenyl]benzene-1,3-diol
Formula C14 H12 O3
Molecular Weight 228.24 g/mol
Type non-polymer
Isomeric SMILES Oc1ccc(\C=C\c2cc(O)cc(O)c2)cc1
InChI InChI=1S/C14H12O3/c15-12-5-3-10(4-6-12)1-2-11-7-13(16)9-14(17)8-11/h1-9,15-17H/b2-1+

Chemical Details

Formal Charge 0
Atom Count 29
Chiral Atom Count 0
Chiral Atoms
Bond Count 30
Aromatic Bond Count 12

Drug Info: DrugBank

DrugBank ID DB02709   (Stereoisomeric match)
Name Resveratrol
  • experimental
  • investigational
Description Resveratrol (3,5,4'-trihydroxystilbene) is a polyphenolic phytoalexin. It is a stilbenoid, a derivate of stilbene, and is produced in plants with the help of the enzyme stilbene synthase. It exists as two structural isomers: cis-(Z) and trans-(E), with the trans-isomer shown in the top image. The trans- form can undergo isomerisation to the cis- form when heated or exposed to ultraviolet irradiation. In a 2004 issue of Science, Dr. Sinclair of Harvard University said resveratrol is not an easy molecule to protect from oxidation. It has been claimed that it is readily degraded by exposure to light, heat, and oxygen. However, studies find that Trans-resveratrol undergoes negligible oxidation in normal atmosphere at room temperature.
  • (E)-5-(2-(4-hydroxyphenyl)ethenyl)-1,3-benzenediol(E)-5-(2-(4-hydroxyphenyl)ethenyl)-1,3-benzenediol
  • (E)-resveratrol
  • 3,4',5-trihydroxy-trans-stilbene
  • 3,4',5-trihydroxystilbene
  • 3,5,4'-trihydroxystilbene
Brand Names Co-veratrol
Affected Organism Humans and other mammals
Indication Being investigated for the treatment of Herpes labialis infections (cold sores).
Pharmacology Resveratrol, a phytoalexin, has been found to inhibit herpes simplex virus types 1 and 2 (HSV-1 and HSV-2) replication in a dose-dependent, reversible manner, although this is only one of its many pharmaceutical properties. In some countries where there is higher consumption of red wine, there appears to be a lower incidence of heart disease. Other benefits of resveratrol include its anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects. In preclinical studies, Resveratrol has been found to have potential anticancer properties.
Mechanism of action Resveratrol suppresses NF-kappaB (NF-kappaB) activation in HSV infected cells. Reports have indicated that HSV activates NF-kappaB during productive infection and this may be an essential aspect of its replication scheme [PMID: 9705914].
Route of administration Oral
  • Analgesics
  • Analgesics, Non-Narcotic
  • Angiogenesis Inhibitors
  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents
  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal
CAS number 501-36-0
Drug Info/Drug Targets: DrugBank 3.0: a comprehensive resource for 'omics' research on drugs. Knox C, Law V, Jewison T, Liu P, Ly S, Frolkis A, Pon A, Banco K, Mak C, Neveu V, Djoumbou Y, Eisner R, Guo AC, Wishart DS. Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 Jan; 39 (Database issue):D1035-41. | PMID: 21059682