Chemical Component Summary

Identifiers N,N'''-[(1R,2R,3S,4R,5R,6S)-4-({5-deoxy-2-O-[2-deoxy-2-(methylamino)-alpha-L-glucopyranosyl]-3-C-formyl-alpha-L-lyxofuranosyl}oxy)-2,5,6-trihydroxycyclohexane-1,3-diyl]diguanidine
Formula C21 H39 N7 O12
Molecular Weight 581.57 g/mol
Type non-polymer
Isomeric SMILES CN[C@H]1[C@H](O)[C@@H](O)[C@H](CO)O[C@H]1O[C@H]1[C@H](O[C@H]2[C@H](O)[C@@H](O)[C@H](NC(N)=N)[C@@H](O)[C@@H]2NC(N)=N)O[C@@H](C)[C@]1(O)C=O
InChI InChI=1S/C21H39N7O12/c1-5-21(36,4-30)16(40-17-9(26-2)13(34)10(31)6(3-29)38-17)18(37-5)39-15-8(28-20(24)25)11(32)7(27-19(22)23)12(33)14(15)35/h4-18,26,29,31-36H,3H2,1-2H3,(H4,22,23,27)(H4,24,25,28)/t5-,6-,7+,8-,9-,10-,11+,12-,13-,14+,15+,16-,17-,18-,21+/m0/s1

Chemical Details

Formal Charge 0
Atom Count 79
Chiral Atom Count 15
Chiral Atoms C11 C21 C31 C41 C51 C61 C12 C22 C32 C42 C13 C23 C33 C43 C53
Bond Count 81
Aromatic Bond Count 0

Drug Info: DrugBank

DrugBank ID DB01082   (Stereoisomeric match)
Name Streptomycin
  • approved
  • vet_approved
Description Streptomycin is an aminoglycoside antibiotic produced by the soil actinomycete Streptomyces griseus. It acts by binding to the 30S ribosomal subunit of susceptible organisms and disrupting the initiation and elongation steps in protein synthesis. It is bactericidal due to effects that are not fully understood.
  • [2-Deoxy-2-(dimethylamino)-alpha-L-glucopyranosyl]-(1->2)-[5-deoxy-3-C-formyl-alpha-L-lyxofuranosyl]-(1->4)-{n',n'''-[(1,3,5/2,4,6)-2,4,5,6-tetrahydroxycyclohexane-1,3-diyl]diguanidine}
  • 2,4-Diguanidino-3,5,6-trihydroxycyclohexyl 5-deoxy-2-O-(2-deoxy-2-methylamino-alpha-L-glucopyranosyl)-3-C-formyl-beta-L-lyxopentanofuranoside
  • Kantrex
  • SM
Salts Streptomycin Sulfate
Brand Names
  • Streptomycin
  • Streptomycin Sulfate Injection USP 1g/2.5ml
  • Streptomycin for Injection USP
Affected Organism
  • Enteric bacteria and other eubacteria
  • Mycobacteria
  • Mycobacterium tuberculosis
  • Yersinia pestis
  • Francisella tularensis
Indication For the treatment of tuberculosis. May also be used in combination with other drugs to treat tularemia (Francisella tularensis), plague (Yersia pestis), severe M. avium complex, brucellosis, and enterococcal endocarditis (e.g. E. faecalis, E. faecium).
Pharmacology Streptomycin is an aminoglycoside antibiotic. Aminoglycosides work by binding to the bacterial 30S ribosomal subunit, causing misreading of t-RNA, leaving the bacterium unable to synthesize proteins vital to its growth. Aminoglycosides are useful primarily in infections involving aerobic, Gram-negative bacteria, such as Pseudomonas, Acinetobacter, and Enterobacter. In addition, some mycobacteria, including the bacteria that cause tuberculosis, are susceptible to aminoglycosides. Infections caused by Gram-positive bacteria can also be treated with aminoglycosides, but other types of antibiotics are more potent and less damaging to the host. In the past the aminoglycosides have been used in conjunction with penicillin-related antibiotics in streptococcal infections for their synergistic effects, particularly in endocarditis. Aminoglycosides are mostly ineffective against anaerobic bacteria, fungi and viruses.
Mechanism of action Aminoglycosides like Streptomycin "irreversibly" bind to specific 30S-subunit proteins and 16S rRNA. Specifically Streptomycin binds to four nucleotides of 16S rRNA and a single amino acid of protein S12. This interferes with decoding site in the vicinity of nucleotide 1400 in 16S rRNA of 30S subunit. This region interacts with the wobble base in the anticodon of tRNA. This leads to interference with the initiation complex, misreading of mRNA so incorrect amino acids are inserted into the polypeptide leading to nonfunctional or toxic peptides and the breakup of polysomes into nonfunctional monosomes.
Route of administration Intramuscular
  • Alimentary Tract and Metabolism
  • Aminoglycosides
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents
  • Anti-Infective Agents
  • Antidiarrheals, Intestinal Antiinflammatory/antiinfective Agents
  • J01GA01
  • J04AM01
  • A07AA04
  • A07AA54
AHFS-Code 08:12.02
CAS number 57-92-1
Drug Info/Drug Targets: DrugBank 3.0: a comprehensive resource for 'omics' research on drugs. Knox C, Law V, Jewison T, Liu P, Ly S, Frolkis A, Pon A, Banco K, Mak C, Neveu V, Djoumbou Y, Eisner R, Guo AC, Wishart DS. Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 Jan; 39 (Database issue):D1035-41. | PMID: 21059682