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SPERMINE
 
SPM is found in 104 entries
SPM
  •   Chemical Component Summary   Hide
    Name SPERMINE
    Identifiers N,N'-bis(3-aminopropyl)butane-1,4-diamine
    Formula C10 H26 N4
    Molecular Weight 202.34 g/mol
    Type non-polymer
    Isomeric SMILES
    InChI
    InChI key PFNFFQXMRSDOHW-UHFFFAOYSA-N
     
  •   Drug Info: DrugBank Hide
    DrugBank ID DB00127   (Stereoisomeric match)
    Name Spermine
    Groups
    • approved
    • nutraceutical
    Description A biogenic polyamine formed from spermidine. It is found in a wide variety of organisms and tissues and is an essential growth factor in some bacteria. It is found as a polycation at all pH values. Spermine is associated with nucleic acids, particularly in viruses, and is thought to stabilize the helical structure. [PubChem]
    Synonyms
    • 4,9-Diaza-1,12-dodecanediamine
    • 4,9-Diazadodecane-1,12-diamine
    • N,N'-Bis(3-aminopropyl)-1,4-butanediamine
    • Spermine
    Salts Spermine dihydrate
    Affected organism Humans and other mammals
    Indication For nutritional supplementation, also for treating dietary shortage or imbalance
    Pharmacology Spermine is a polyamine. It is an organic molecule that is involved in cellular metabolism.
    Mechanism of action Spermine is derived from spermidine by spermine synthase. Spermine is a polyamine, a small organic cations that is absolutely required for eukaryotic cell growth. Spermine, is normally found in millimolar concentrations in the nucleus. Spermine functions directly as a free radical scavenger, and forms a variety of adducts that prevent oxidative damage to DNA. Oxidative damage to DNA by reactive oxygen species is a continual problem that cells must guard against to survive. Hence, spermine is a major natural intracellular compound capable of protecting DNA from free radical attack. Spermine is also implicated in the regulation of gene expression, the stabilization of chromatin, and the prevention of endonuclease-mediated DNA fragmentation.
    Categories
    • Dietary Supplements
    • Micronutrients
    • Supplements
    CAS number 71-44-3
    Targets
    Name Sequence search Pharmacological action Actions
    Ornithine decarboxylase   Search  unknown product of
    Spermine oxidase   Search  yes ligand
    Spermine synthase   Search  yes ligand
     
Ligand Image