Chemical Component Summary

Identifiers D-glucitol
Formula C6 H14 O6
Molecular Weight 182.17 g/mol
Type non-polymer
Isomeric SMILES OC[C@H](O)[C@@H](O)[C@H](O)[C@H](O)CO
InChI InChI=1S/C6H14O6/c7-1-3(9)5(11)6(12)4(10)2-8/h3-12H,1-2H2/t3-,4+,5-,6-/m1/s1

Chemical Details

Formal Charge 0
Atom Count 26
Chiral Atom Count 4
Chiral Atoms C2 C3 C4 C5
Bond Count 25
Aromatic Bond Count 0

Drug Info: DrugBank

DrugBank ID DB01638   (Stereoisomeric match)
Name Sorbitol
Groups approved
Description A polyhydric alcohol with about half the sweetness of sucrose. Sorbitol occurs naturally and is also produced synthetically from glucose. It was formerly used as a diuretic and may still be used as a laxative and in irrigating solutions for some surgical procedures.
  • (−)-sorbitol
  • D-(−)-sorbitol
  • D-glucitol
  • D-Sorbit
  • D-Sorbitol
Brand Names
  • Char-flo With Sorbitol - Sus
  • Cystosol W 3% Hexitols
  • Microlax Micro Enema
  • Microlax Micro-enema
  • Salivart Aer
Affected Organism Humans and other mammals
Indication Used as a non-stimulant laxative via an oral suspension or enema.
Mechanism of action Sorbitol exerts its laxative effect by drawing water into the large intestine, thereby stimulating bowel movements.
Route of administration
  • Irrigation
  • Oral
  • Rectal
  • Urethral
  • Alcohols
  • Blood and Blood Forming Organs
  • Blood Substitutes and Perfusion Solutions
  • Carbohydrates
  • Cathartics
  • A06AG07
  • A06AD18
  • V04CC01
  • B05CX02
CAS number 50-70-4
Drug Info/Drug Targets: DrugBank 3.0: a comprehensive resource for 'omics' research on drugs. Knox C, Law V, Jewison T, Liu P, Ly S, Frolkis A, Pon A, Banco K, Mak C, Neveu V, Djoumbou Y, Eisner R, Guo AC, Wishart DS. Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 Jan; 39 (Database issue):D1035-41. | PMID: 21059682