SIN

SUCCINIC ACID

SIN is found in 170 entries

SIN in polymers: 28 entries. Examples include: 1ABZ, 1LOP, 1NZQ

SIN as free ligands, exist in 142 entries. Examples include 1CZE, 1D4D, 1E5H

Find related ligands: Stereoisomers Similar ligands Chemical Structure Search

View summary at Ligand Expo

Chemical Component Summary

Name SUCCINIC ACID
Identifiers butanedioic acid
Formula C4 H6 O4
Molecular Weight 118.09 g/mol
Type non-polymer
Isomeric SMILES OC(=O)CCC(O)=O
InChI InChI=1S/C4H6O4/c5-3(6)1-2-4(7)8/h1-2H2,(H,5,6)(H,7,8)
InChI Key KDYFGRWQOYBRFD-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Chemical Details

Formal Charge 0
Atom Count 14
Chiral Atom Count 0
Chiral Atoms
Bond Count 13
Aromatic Bond Count 0
Leaving Atoms O2 O4 HO2 HO4

Drug Info: DrugBank

DrugBank ID DB00139   (Stereoisomeric match)
Name Succinic acid
Groups
  • approved
  • nutraceutical
Description A water-soluble, colorless crystal with an acid taste that is used as a chemical intermediate, in medicine, the manufacture of lacquers, and to make perfume esters. It is also used in foods as a sequestrant, buffer, and a neutralizing agent. (Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 12th ed, p1099; McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1851)
Synonyms
  • 1,2-Ethanedicarboxylic acid
  • Acide butanedioique
  • Acide succinique
  • Acidum succinicum
  • Amber acid
Brand Names
Affected Organism Humans and other mammals
Indication For nutritional supplementation, also for treating dietary shortage or imbalance
Mechanism of action Succinate is an essential component of the Krebs or citric acid cycle and serves an electron donor in the production of fumaric acid and FADH2. It also has been shown to be a good "natural" antibiotic because of its relative acidic or caustic nature (high concentrations can even cause burns). Succinate supplements have been shown to help reduce the effects of hangovers by activating the degradation of acetaldehyde - a toxic byproduct of alcohol metabolism - into CO2 and H2O through aerobic metabolism. Succinic acid has been shown to stimulate neural system recovery and bolster the immune system. Claims have also been made that it boosts awareness, concentration and reflexes.
Categories
  • Dietary Supplements
  • Micronutrients
  • Supplements
AHFS-Code 92:02.00*
CAS number 110-15-6

Drug Targets

Name Sequence Search Pharmacological Action Actions
Solute carrier family 13 member 1 MKFFSYILVYRRFLFVVFTVLVLLPLPIVLHTKEAECAYTLFVVATFWLT... unknown
Prolyl 4-hydroxylase subunit alpha-1 MIWYILIIGILLPQSLAHPGFFTSIGQMTDLIHTEKDLVTSLKDYIKAEE... unknown
Procollagen-lysine,2-oxoglutarate 5-dioxygenase 1 MRPLLLLALLGWLLLAEAKGDAKPEDNLLVLTVATKETEGFRRFKRSAQF... unknown
Succinate-semialdehyde dehydrogenase, mitochondrial MATCIWLRSCGARRLGSTFPGCRLRPRAGGLVPASGPAPGPAQLRCYAGR... unknown inhibitor
Succinate dehydrogenase [ubiquinone] flavoprotein subunit, mitochondrial MSGVRGLSRLLSARRLALAKAWPTVLQTGTRGFHFTVDGNKRASAKVSDS... unknown
View More Drug Targets
Drug Info/Drug Targets: DrugBank 3.0: a comprehensive resource for 'omics' research on drugs. Knox C, Law V, Jewison T, Liu P, Ly S, Frolkis A, Pon A, Banco K, Mak C, Neveu V, Djoumbou Y, Eisner R, Guo AC, Wishart DS. Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 Jan; 39 (Database issue):D1035-41. | PMID: 21059682