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SERINE
 
SER is found in 101054 entries
SER
  •   Chemical Component Summary   Hide
    Name SERINE
    Identifiers L-serine
    (2S)-2-amino-3-hydroxy-propanoic acid
    Formula C3 H7 N O3
    Molecular Weight 105.09 g/mol
    Type L-peptide linking
    Isomeric SMILES
    InChI
    InChI key MTCFGRXMJLQNBG-REOHCLBHSA-N
     
  •   Drug Info: DrugBank Hide
    DrugBank ID DB00133   (Stereoisomeric match)
    Name L-Serine
    Groups
    • approved
    • nutraceutical
    Description A non-essential amino acid occurring in natural form as the L-isomer. It is synthesized from glycine or threonine. It is involved in the biosynthesis of purines; pyrimidines; and other amino acids. [PubChem]
    Synonyms
    • (2S)-2-amino-3-Hydroxypropanoic acid
    • (S)-(-)-Serine
    • (S)-(−)-serine
    • (S)-2-Amino-3-hydroxypropanoic acid
    • (S)-alpha-Amino-beta-hydroxypropionic acid
    • (S)-Serine
    • beta-Hydroxy-L-alanine
    • beta-Hydroxyalanine
    • L-(-)-Serine
    • L-(−)-serine
    • L-2-Amino-3-hydroxypropionic acid
    • L-3-Hydroxy-2-aminopropionic acid
    • L-3-Hydroxy-alanine
    • L-Ser
    • L-Serin
    • L-Serine
    • S
    • Ser
    • Serine
    [more]
    Affected organism Humans and other mammals
    Indication Used as a natural moisturizing agent in some cosmetics and skin care products.
    Pharmacology Serine is classified as a nutritionally non-essential amino acid. Serine is critical for the production of the body's proteins, enzymes and muscle tissue. Serine is needed for the proper metabolism of fats and fatty acids. It also helps in the production of antibodies. Serine is used as a natural moisturizing agent in some cosmetics and skin care products. The main source of essential amino acids is from the diet, non-essential amino acids are normally synthesize by humans and other mammals from common intermediates.
    Mechanism of action L-Serine plays a role in cell growth and development (cellular proliferation). The conversion of L-serine to glycine by serine hydroxymethyltransferase results in the formation of the one-carbon units necessary for the synthesis of the purine bases, adenine and guanine. These bases when linked to the phosphate ester of pentose sugars are essential components of DNA and RNA and the end products of energy producing metabolic pathways, ATP and GTP. In addition, L-serine conversion to glycine via this same enzyme provides the one-carbon units necessary for production of the pyrimidine nucleotide, deoxythymidine monophosphate, also an essential component of DNA.
    Categories
    • Dietary Supplements
    • Micronutrients
    • Supplements
    • Non-Essential Amino Acids
    CAS number 56-45-1
    Targets
    Name Sequence search Pharmacological action Actions
    Serine--tRNA ligase, cytoplasmic   Search  unknown
    L-serine dehydratase/L-threonine deaminase   Search  unknown
    Serine--pyruvate aminotransferase   Search  unknown
    Cystathionine beta-synthase   Search  unknown
    Serine racemase   Search  unknown
    [more]
     
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