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S-ADENOSYLMETHIONINE
 
SAM is found in 281 entries
SAM
  •   Chemical Component Summary   Hide
    Name S-ADENOSYLMETHIONINE
    Identifiers (2S)-2-amino-4-[{[(2S,3S,4R,5R)-5-(6-amino-9H-purin-9-yl)-3,4-dihydroxytetrahydrofuran-2-yl]methyl}(methyl)sulfonio]butanoate (non-preferred name)
    (2S)-2-amino-4-[[(2S,3S,4R,5R)-5-(6-aminopurin-9-yl)-3,4-dihydroxy-oxolan-2-yl]methyl-methyl-sulfonio]butanoate
    Formula C15 H22 N6 O5 S
    Molecular Weight 398.44 g/mol
    Type non-polymer
    Isomeric SMILES
    InChI
    InChI key MEFKEPWMEQBLKI-FCKMPRQPSA-N
     
  •   Drug Info: DrugBank Hide
    DrugBank ID DB00118   (Different stereochemistry)
    Name S-Adenosylmethionine
    Groups
    • approved
    • nutraceutical
    Description Physiologic methyl radical donor involved in enzymatic transmethylation reactions and present in all living organisms. It possesses anti-inflammatory activity and has been used in treatment of chronic liver disease. (From Merck, 11th ed)
    Synonyms
    • (3S)-5'-[(3-amino-3-Carboxypropyl)methylsulfonio]-5'-deoxyadenosine, inner salt
    • [1-(Adenin-9-yl)-1,5-dideoxy-beta-D-ribofuranos-5-yl][(3S)-3-amino-3-carboxypropyl](methyl)sulfonium
    • Acylcarnitine
    • AdoMet
    • S-(5'-Deoxyadenosin-5'-yl)-L-methionine
    • S-adenosyl-L-methionine
    • S-Adenosylmethionine
    • SAM
    • SAMe
    [more]
    Salts
    • S-Adenosylmethionine butanedisulfonate
    • S-Adenosylmethionine disulfate ditosylate
    • S-Adenosylmethionine disulfate monotosylate
    • S-Adenosylmethionine disulfate tosylate
    • S-Adenosylmethionine tosylate
    Brand names
    • Sam-Sulfate
    • SAMe
    • SAMe Rx-Mood
    Affected organism Humans and other mammals
    Indication S-Adenosylmethionine (SAMe) is used as a drug in Europe for the treatment of depression, liver disorders, fibromyalgia, and osteoarthritis. It has also been introduced into the United States market as a dietary supplement for the support of bone and joint health, as well as mood and emotional well being.
    Pharmacology S-adenosylmethionine is an intermediate metabolite of methionine. Its involvement in methylation assists in cellular growth and repair, maintains the phospho-bilipid layer in cell membranes. It also helps in the maintenance of the action of several hormones and neurotransmitters that affect mood. Highest concentration are found in the brain and the liver.
    Mechanism of action S-Adenosylmethionine (SAMe) is a natural substance present in the cells of the body. It is a direct metabolite of the essential amino acid L-methionine. SAMe plays a crucial biochemical role in the body by donating a one-carbon methyl group in a process called transmethylation. SAMe, formed from the reaction of L-methionine and adenosine triphosphate catalyzed by the enzyme S-adenosylmethionine synthetase, is the methyl-group donor in the biosynthesis of both DNA and RNA nucleic acids, phospholipids, proteins, epinephrine, melatonin, creatine and other molecules.
    Route of administration Oral
    Categories
    • Dietary Supplements
    • Micronutrients
    • Supplements
    CAS number 29908-03-0
    Targets
    Name Sequence search Pharmacological action Actions
    S-adenosylmethionine decarboxylase proenzyme   Search  unknown cofactor
    S-adenosylmethionine synthase isoform type-2   Search  unknown cofactor
    Cystathionine beta-synthase   Search  unknown activator
    Glycine N-methyltransferase   Search  unknown cofactor
    S-adenosylmethionine synthase isoform type-1   Search  unknown cofactor
    [more]
     
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