RAP

RAPAMYCIN IMMUNOSUPPRESSANT DRUG

RAP is found in 17 entries

RAP as free ligands, exist in 17 entries. Examples include 1C9H, 1FAP, 1FKB

Find related ligands: Stereoisomers Similar ligands Chemical Structure Search

View summary at Ligand Expo

Chemical Component Summary

Name RAPAMYCIN IMMUNOSUPPRESSANT DRUG
Identifiers (3S,6R,7E,9R,10R,12R,14S,15E,17E,19E,21S,23S,26R,27R,34aS)-9,27-dihydroxy-3-{(1R)-2-[(1S,3R,4R)-4-hydroxy-3-methoxycyclohexyl]-1-methylethyl}-10,21-dimethoxy-6,8,12,14,20,26-hexamethyl-9,10,12,13,14,21,22,23,24,25,26,27,32,33,34,34a-hexadecahydro-3H-23,27-epoxypyrido[2,1-c][1,4]oxazacyclohentriacontine-1,5,11,28,29(4H,6H,31H)-pentone
Formula C51 H79 N O13
Molecular Weight 914.17 g/mol
Type non-polymer
Isomeric SMILES CO[C@@H]1C[C@H](C[C@@H](C)[C@@H]2CC(=O)[C@H](C)\C=C(C)\[C@@H](O)[C@@H](OC)C(=O)[C@H](C)C[C@H](C)\C=C\C=C\C=C(C)\[C@H](C[C@@H]3CC[C@@H](C)[C@@](O)(O3)C(=O)C(=O)N3CCCC[C@H]3C(=O)O2)OC)CC[C@H]1O
InChI InChI=1S/C51H79NO13/c1-30-16-12-11-13-17-31(2)42(61-8)28-38-21-19-36(7)51(60,65-38)48(57)49(58)52-23-15-14-18-39(52)50(59)64-43(33(4)26-37-20-22-40(53)44(27-37)62-9)29-41(54)32(3)25-35(6)46(56)47(63-10)45(55)34(5)24-30/h11-13,16-17,25,30,32-34,36-40,42-44,46-47,53,56,60H,14-15,18-24,26-29H2,1-10H3/b13-11+,16-12+,31-17+,35-25+/t30-,32-,33-,34-,36-,37+,38+,39+,40-,42+,43+,44-,46-,47+,51-/m1/s1
InChI Key QFJCIRLUMZQUOT-HPLJOQBZSA-N

Chemical Details

Formal Charge 0
Atom Count 144
Chiral Atom Count 15
Chiral Atoms C2 C10 C11 C14 C16 C23 C25 C27 C28 C31 C34 C35 C37 C39 C40
Bond Count 147
Aromatic Bond Count 0

Drug Info: DrugBank

DrugBank ID DB00877   (Different stereochemistry)
Name Sirolimus
Groups
  • approved
  • investigational
Description A macrolide compound obtained from Streptomyces hygroscopicus that acts by selectively blocking the transcriptional activation of cytokines thereby inhibiting cytokine production. It is bioactive only when bound to immunophilins. Sirolimus is a potent immunosuppressant and possesses both antifungal and antineoplastic properties. [PubChem]
Synonyms
  • (-)-Rapamycin
  • Rapamycin
Brand Names
  • Gd-sirolimus
  • Rapamune
  • Rapamune Oral Solution
  • Sirolimus
Affected Organism Humans and other mammals
Indication For the prophylaxis of organ rejection in patients receiving renal transplants.
Pharmacology Sirolimus, a macrocyclic lactone produced by Streptomyces hygroscopicus, is an immunosuppressive agent indicated for the prophylaxis of organ rejection in patients receiving renal transplants. It is recommended that sirolimus be used in a regimen with cyclosporine and corticosteroids.
Mechanism of action Sirolimus inhibits T lymphocyte activation and proliferation that occurs in response to antigenic and cytokine (Interleukin IL-2, IL-4, and IL-15) stimulation by a mechanism that is distinct from that of other immunosuppressants. Sirolimus also inhibits antibody production. In cells, sirolimus binds to the immunophilin, FK Binding Protein-12 (FKBP-12), to generate an immunosuppressive complex. The sirolimus:FKBP-12 complex has no effect on calcineurin activity. This complex binds to and inhibits the activation of the mammalian Target Of Rapamycin (mTOR), a key regulatory kinase. This inhibition suppresses cytokine-driven T-cell proliferation, inhibiting the progression from the G1 to the S phase of the cell cycle.
Route of administration oral
Categories
  • Immunosuppressive Agents
  • Antifungal Agents
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents
  • Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
  • Macrolides
ATC-Code L04AA10
AHFS-Code 92:00.00
CAS number 53123-88-9
Drug Info/Drug Targets: DrugBank 3.0: a comprehensive resource for 'omics' research on drugs. Knox C, Law V, Jewison T, Liu P, Ly S, Frolkis A, Pon A, Banco K, Mak C, Neveu V, Djoumbou Y, Eisner R, Guo AC, Wishart DS. Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 Jan; 39 (Database issue):D1035-41. | PMID: 21059682