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PHENYLALANINE
 
PHE is found in 99246 entries
PHE
  •   Chemical Component Summary   Hide
    Name PHENYLALANINE
    Identifiers L-phenylalanine
    (2S)-2-amino-3-phenyl-propanoic acid
    Formula C9 H11 N O2
    Molecular Weight 165.19 g/mol
    Type L-peptide linking
    Isomeric SMILES
    InChI
    InChI key COLNVLDHVKWLRT-QMMMGPOBSA-N
     
  •   Drug Info: DrugBank Hide
    DrugBank ID DB00120   (Stereoisomeric match)
    Name L-Phenylalanine
    Groups
    • approved
    • nutraceutical
    Description An essential aromatic amino acid that is a precursor of melanin; dopamine; noradrenalin (norepinephrine), and thyroxine. [PubChem]
    Synonyms
    • (S)-2-Amino-3-phenylpropionic acid
    • (S)-alpha-Amino-beta-phenylpropionic acid
    • 3-phenyl-L-alanine
    • beta-Phenyl-L-alanine
    • F
    • L-Phenylalanine
    • Phe
    • PHENYLALANINE
    • β-phenyl-L-alanine
    [more]
    Affected organism Humans and other mammals
    Indication L-phenylalanine may be helpful in some with depression. It may also be useful in the treatment of vitiligo. There is some evidence that L-phenylalanine may exacerbate tardive dyskinesia in some schizophrenic patients and in some who have used neuroleptic drugs.
    Pharmacology Used by the brain to produce Norepinephrine, a chemical that transmits signals between nerve cells and the brain; keeps you awake and alert; reduces hunger pains; functions as an antidepressant and helps improve memory.
    Mechanism of action The mechanism of L-phenylalanine's putative antidepressant activity may be accounted for by its precursor role in the synthesis of the neurotransmitters norepinephrine and dopamine. Elevated brain norepinephrine and dopamine levels are thought to be associated with antidepressant effects. <br/>The mechanism of L-phenylalanine's possible antivitiligo activity is not well understood. It is thought that L-phenylalanine may stimulate the production of melanin in the affected skin
    Categories
    • Dietary Supplements
    • Micronutrients
    • Amino Acids, Essential
    • Supplements
    CAS number 63-91-2
    Targets
    Name Sequence search Pharmacological action Actions
    Phenylalanine--tRNA ligase, mitochondrial   Search  unknown
    Phenylalanine--tRNA ligase alpha subunit   Search  unknown
    Phenylalanine--tRNA ligase beta subunit   Search  unknown
    Tyrosine 3-monooxygenase   Search  unknown binder
    Tyrosine aminotransferase   Search  unknown
    [more]
     
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