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PAROMOMYCIN
 
PAR is found in 72 entries
PAR
  •   Chemical Component Summary   Hide
    Name PAROMOMYCIN
    Identifiers (1R,2R,3S,4R,6S)-4,6-diamino-2-{[3-O-(2,6-diamino-2,6-dideoxy-beta-L-idopyranosyl)-beta-D-ribofuranosyl]oxy}-3-hydroxycyclohexyl 2-amino-2-deoxy-alpha-D-glucopyranoside
    (2R,3S,4R,5R,6S)-5-amino-6-[(1R,2R,3S,4R,6S)-4,6-diamino-2-[(2S,3R,4S,5R)-4-[(2R,3R,4R,5S,6S)-3-amino-6-(aminomethyl)-4,5-dihydroxy-oxan-2-yl]oxy-3-hydroxy-5-(hydroxymethyl)oxolan-2-yl]oxy-3-hydroxy-cyclohexyl]oxy-2-(hydroxymethyl)oxane-3,4-diol
    Synonyms
    PAROMOMYCIN I, AMMINOSIDIN, CATENULIN, CRESTOMYCIN, MONOMYCIN A, NEOMYCIN E
    Formula C23 H45 N5 O14
    Molecular Weight 615.63 g/mol
    Type non-polymer
    Isomeric SMILES
    InChI
    InChI key UOZODPSAJZTQNH-LSWIJEOBSA-N
     
  •   Drug Info: DrugBank Hide
    DrugBank ID DB01421   (Stereoisomeric match)
    Name Paromomycin
    Groups approved
    Description An oligosaccharide antibiotic produced by various streptomyces. [PubChem]
    Synonyms
    • Aminosidin
    • Aminosidine
    • Paramomycin sulfate
    Brand names Humatin
    Affected organism Enteric bacteria and other eubacteria
    Indication For the treatment of acute and chronic intestinal amebiasis (it is not effective in extraintestinal amebiasis). Also for the management of hepatic coma as adjunctive therapy.
    Pharmacology Paromomycin is a broad spectrum aminoglycoside antibiotic produced by <i>Streptomyces rimosus</i> var. paromomycinus. The in vitro and in vivo antibacterial action of paromomycin closely parallels that of neomycin.
    Mechanism of action Paromomycin inhibits protein synthesis by binding to 16S ribosomal RNA. Bacterial proteins are synthesized by ribosomal RNA complexes which are composed of 2 subunits, a large subunit (50s) and small (30s) subunit, which forms a 70s ribosomal subunit. tRNA binds to the top of this ribosomal structure. Paramomycin binds to the A site, which causes defective polypeptide chains to be produced. Continuous production of defective proteins eventually leads to bacterial death.
    Route of administration Oral
    Categories
    • Anti-Bacterial Agents
    • Antibacterial Agents
    • Amebicides
    ATC-Code A07AA06
    AHFS-Code 08:30.04
    CAS number 1263-89-4
    Targets
    Name Sequence search Pharmacological action Actions
    30S ribosomal protein S10   Search  yes inhibitor
     
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