Chemical Component Summary

Identifiers magnesium
magnesium(+2) cation
Formula Mg
Molecular Weight 24.31 g/mol
Type non-polymer
Isomeric SMILES [Mg++]
InChI InChI=1S/Mg/q+2

Chemical Details

Formal Charge 2
Atom Count 1
Chiral Atom Count 0
Chiral Atoms
Bond Count 0
Aromatic Bond Count 0

Drug Info: DrugBank

DrugBank ID DB01378   (Stereoisomeric match)
Name Magnesium
Groups nutraceutical
Description Magnesium hydroxide is used primarily in "Milk of Magnesia", a white aqueous, mildly alkaline suspension of magnesium hydroxide formulated at about 8%w/v. Milk of magnesia is primarily used to alleviate constipation, but can also be used to relieve indigestion and heartburn. When taken internally by mouth as a laxative, the osmotic force of the magnesia suspension acts to draw fluids from the body and to retain those already within the lumen of the intestine, serving to distend the bowel, thus stimulating nerves within the colon wall, inducing peristalsis and resulting in evacuation of colonic contents.
Salts Magnesium acetate
Brand Names
  • Acetabolan III Vitamin and Mineral Supplement
  • Acetabolan-II Vitamin and Mineral Supplement
  • Acti Mag 250 Caplet
  • Acti-cal/mag 2:1 + Zinc and D Caplet
  • Actical Plus Calcium-magnesium-vitamin D3-silicon Chewable
Route of administration
  • Intravenous
  • Oral
  • Topical
  • Elements
  • Inorganic Chemicals
  • Metals
  • Metals, Alkaline Earth
  • Metals, Light
  • 28:08.04.24
  • 28:12.92
  • 40:12.00
  • 40:34.00*
  • 56:04.00
CAS number 7439-95-4

Drug Targets

Name Sequence Search Pharmacological Action Actions
Sodium/potassium-transporting ATPase subunit alpha-1 Search unknown
Drug Info/Drug Targets: DrugBank 3.0: a comprehensive resource for 'omics' research on drugs. Knox C, Law V, Jewison T, Liu P, Ly S, Frolkis A, Pon A, Banco K, Mak C, Neveu V, Djoumbou Y, Eisner R, Guo AC, Wishart DS. Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 Jan; 39 (Database issue):D1035-41. | PMID: 21059682