Chemical Component Summary

Name LYSINE
Identifiers 6-ammonio-L-norleucine
[(5S)-5-amino-6-hydroxy-6-oxo-hexyl]azanium
Formula C6 H15 N2 O2
Molecular Weight 147.20 g/mol
Type L-peptide linking
Isomeric SMILES N[C@@H](CCCC[NH3+])C(O)=O
InChI InChI=1S/C6H14N2O2/c7-4-2-1-3-5(8)6(9)10/h5H,1-4,7-8H2,(H,9,10)/p+1/t5-/m0/s1
InChI Key KDXKERNSBIXSRK-YFKPBYRVSA-O

Chemical Details

Formal Charge 1
Atom Count 25
Chiral Atom Count 1
Chiral Atoms CA
Bond Count 24
Aromatic Bond Count 0
Leaving Atoms OXT H2 HXT

Drug Info: DrugBank

DrugBank ID DB00123   (Different stereochemistry)
Name L-Lysine
Groups
  • approved
  • nutraceutical
Description L-Lysine (abbreviated as Lys or K) is an α-amino acid with the chemical formula HO2CCH(NH2)(CH2)4NH2. This amino acid is an essential amino acid, which means that humans cannot synthesize it. Its codons are AAA and AAG. L-Lysine is a base, as are arginine and histidine. The ε-amino group often participates in hydrogen bonding and as a general base in catalysis. Common posttranslational modifications include methylation of the ε-amino group, giving methyl-, dimethyl-, and trimethyllysine. The latter occurs in calmodulin. Other posttranslational modifications include acetylation. Collagen contains hydroxylysine which is derived from lysine by lysyl hydroxylase. O-Glycosylation of lysine residues in the endoplasmic reticulum or Golgi apparatus is used to mark certain proteins for secretion from the cell.
Synonyms
  • (S)-2,6-diaminohexanoic acid
  • (S)-lysine
  • (S)-α,ε-diaminocaproic acid
  • 6-ammonio-L-norleucine
  • L-lys
Brand Names
  • Aminosyn 10%
  • Aminosyn 5%
  • Aminosyn 7%
  • Aminosyn 8.5%
  • Travasol
Affected Organism Humans and other mammals
Indication Supplemental L-lysine has putative anti-herpes simplex virus activity. There is preliminary research suggesting that it may have some anti-osteoporotic activity.
Pharmacology Insures the adequate absorption of calcium; helps form collagen ( which makes up bone cartilage & connective tissues); aids in the production of antibodies, hormones & enzymes. Recent studies have shown that Lysine may be effective against herpes by improving the balance of nutrients that reduce viral growth. A deficiency may result in tiredness, inability to concentrate, irritability, bloodshot eyes, retarded growth, hair loss, anemia & reproductive problems.
Mechanism of action Proteins of the herpes simplex virus are rich in L-arginine, and tissue culture studies indicate an enhancing effect on viral replication when the amino acid ratio of L-arginine to L-lysine is high in the tissue culture media. When the ratio of L-lysine to L-arginine is high, viral replication and the cytopathogenicity of herpes simplex virus have been found to be inhibited. L-lysine may facilitate the absorption of calcium from the small intestine.
Route of administration intravenous
Categories
  • Dietary Supplements
  • Micronutrients
  • Amino Acids, Essential
  • Supplements
CAS number 56-87-1
Drug Info/Drug Targets: DrugBank 3.0: a comprehensive resource for 'omics' research on drugs. Knox C, Law V, Jewison T, Liu P, Ly S, Frolkis A, Pon A, Banco K, Mak C, Neveu V, Djoumbou Y, Eisner R, Guo AC, Wishart DS. Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 Jan; 39 (Database issue):D1035-41. | PMID: 21059682