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1-acetyl-4-(4-{[(2R,4S)-2-(2,4-dichlorophenyl)-2-(1H-imidazol-1-ylmethyl)-1,3-dioxolan-4-yl]methoxy}phenyl)piperazine
 
KKK is found in 2 entries
KKK
  •   Chemical Component Summary   Hide
    Name 1-acetyl-4-(4-{[(2R,4S)-2-(2,4-dichlorophenyl)-2-(1H-imidazol-1-ylmethyl)-1,3-dioxolan-4-yl]methoxy}phenyl)piperazine
    Identifiers 1-[4-[4-[[(2R,4S)-2-(2,4-dichlorophenyl)-2-(imidazol-1-ylmethyl)-1,3-dioxolan-4-yl]methoxy]phenyl]piperazin-1-yl]ethanone
    Formula C26 H28 Cl2 N4 O4
    Molecular Weight 531.43 g/mol
    Type non-polymer
    Isomeric SMILES
    InChI
    InChI key XMAYWYJOQHXEEK-OZXSUGGESA-N
     
  •   Drug Info: DrugBank Hide
    DrugBank ID DB01026   (Different stereochemistry)
    Name Ketoconazole
    Groups
    • approved
    • investigational
    Description Broad spectrum antifungal agent used for long periods at high doses, especially in immunosuppressed patients. [PubChem]
    Synonyms
    • Extina
    • Ketoconazol
    • Ketoconazole
    • Ketoconazolum
    • Ketozole
    • Nizoral
    • Nizoral a-D
    • SID456469
    • Xolegel
    [more]
    Brand names
    • Extina
    • Fungarest
    • Fungoral
    • Ketodan
    • Ketoderm
    • Ketoisdin
    • Ketozole
    • Nizoral
    • Nizoral Cream
    • Nizoral Shampoo
    • Orifungal
    • Orifungal M
    • Panfungol
    • Xolegel
    [more]
    Affected organism Fungi
    Indication For the treatment of the following systemic fungal infections: candidiasis, chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis, oral thrush, candiduria, blastomycosis, coccidioidomycosis, histoplasmosis, chromomycosis, and paracoccidioidomycosis.
    Pharmacology Ketoconazole, like clotrimazole, fluconazole, itraconazole, and miconazole, is an imidazole antifungal agent.
    Mechanism of action Ketoconazole interacts with 14-α demethylase, a cytochrome P-450 enzyme necessary for the conversion of lanosterol to ergosterol. This results in inhibition of ergosterol synthesis and increased fungal cellular permeability. Other mechanisms may involve the inhibition of endogenous respiration, interaction with membrane phospholipids, inhibition of yeast transformation to mycelial forms, inhibition of purine uptake, and impairment of triglyceride and/or phospholipid biosynthesis. Ketoconazole can also inhibit the synthesis of thromboxane and sterols such as aldosterone, cortisol, and testosterone.
    Route of administration
    • Oral
    • Topical
    Categories
    • Antifungal Agents
    • 14-alpha Demethylase Inhibitors
    ATC-Code
    • D01AC08
    • G01AF11
    • J02AB02
    AHFS-Code
    • 08:14.08
    • 84:04.08.08
    CAS number 65277-42-1
    Targets
    Name Sequence search Pharmacological action Actions
    Androgen receptor   Search  unknown binder
    Lanosterol 14-alpha demethylase   Search  yes inhibitor
    Cytochrome P450 19A1   Search  unknown
     
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