Chemical Component Summary

Name PHENOL
Identifiers
Formula C6 H6 O
Molecular Weight 94.11 g/mol
Type non-polymer
Isomeric SMILES Oc1ccccc1
InChI InChI=1S/C6H6O/c7-6-4-2-1-3-5-6/h1-5,7H
InChI Key ISWSIDIOOBJBQZ-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Chemical Details

Formal Charge 0
Atom Count 13
Chiral Atom Count 0
Chiral Atoms
Bond Count 13
Aromatic Bond Count 6

Drug Info: DrugBank

DrugBank ID DB03255   (Stereoisomeric match)
Name Phenol
Groups
  • approved
  • experimental
Description Phenol is an antiseptic and disinfectant. It is active against a wide range of micro-organisms including some fungi and viruses, but is only slowly effective against spores. Phenol has been used to disinfect skin and to relieve itching. Phenol is also used as an oral analgesic or anesthetic in products such as Chloraseptic to treat pharyngitis. Additionally, phenol and its related compounds are used in surgical ingrown toenail treatment, a process termed phenolization. Research indicates that parental exposure to phenol and its related compounds are positively associated with spontaneous abortion. During the second world war, phenol injections were used as a means of execution by the Nazis. Phenol is a toxic compound whose vapours are corrosive to the skin, eyes, and respiratory tract.
Synonyms
  • Acide carbolique
  • Acide phenique
  • Benzenol
  • Carbolic acid
  • Carbolsaeure
Salts Phenyl hydrogen sulfate
Brand Names
  • "diluent for Allergenic Extract Sterile Normal Saline With Phenol (0.4%)"
  • Ambix First Aid
  • Anbesol Gel
  • Anbesol Liquid
  • Anbesol Maximum Strength Liquid
Affected Organism Humans and other mammals
Indication Phenol is primarily indicated for minor sore throat pain, sore mouth, minor mouth irritation, and pain associated with canker sores. Additionally, phenol is indicated in the treatment of focal spasticity.
Mechanism of action Phenol is a potent proteolytic agent. Concentrations in the 5% to 7% range dissolve tissue on contact via proteolysis. In high concentrations when injected next to a nerve, phenol produces a chemical neurolysis which is nonselective across nerve fiber size and most prominent on its outer aspect. Local anesthetic effects occur within 5-10 minutes.
Route of administration
  • Buccal
  • Intradermal; Percutaneous; Subcutaneous
  • Intradermal; Subcutaneous
  • Oral
  • Other
Categories
  • Anesthetics
  • Anesthetics, Local
  • Anti-Infective Agents
  • Anti-Infective Agents, Local
  • Benzene Derivatives
ATC-Code
  • D08AE03
  • C05BB05
  • R02AA19
  • N01BX03
CAS number 108-95-2
Drug Info/Drug Targets: DrugBank 3.0: a comprehensive resource for 'omics' research on drugs. Knox C, Law V, Jewison T, Liu P, Ly S, Frolkis A, Pon A, Banco K, Mak C, Neveu V, Djoumbou Y, Eisner R, Guo AC, Wishart DS. Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 Jan; 39 (Database issue):D1035-41. | PMID: 21059682