Chemical Component Summary

Identifiers propane-1,2,3-triol
Formula C3 H8 O3
Molecular Weight 92.09 g/mol
Type non-polymer
InChI InChI=1S/C3H8O3/c4-1-3(6)2-5/h3-6H,1-2H2

Chemical Details

Formal Charge 0
Atom Count 14
Chiral Atom Count 0
Chiral Atoms
Bond Count 13
Aromatic Bond Count 0

Drug Info: DrugBank

DrugBank ID DB09462   (Stereoisomeric match)
Name Glycerin
Groups approved
Description A trihydroxy sugar alcohol that is an intermediate in carbohydrate and lipid metabolism.
  • 1,2,3-propanetriol
  • 1,2,3-trihydroxypropane
  • Glycerin, anhydrous
  • Glycerin,anhydrous
  • Glycerine
Brand Names
  • 2x First Essence
  • 3 En 1 Cleanser. Deep Cleansing
  • 3ce Liqu Id Eye Liner Black
  • 3ce Liqu Id Eye Liner Brown
  • 3d Lifting
Indication It is used as a solvent, emollient, pharmaceutical agent, and sweetening agent.
Pharmacology Glycerin is commonly classified as an osmotic laxative but may act additionally or alternatively through its local irritant effects; it may also have lubricating and fecal softening actions. Glycerin suppositories usually work within 15 to 30 minutes.
Mechanism of action When administered rectally, glycerin exerts a hygroscopic and/or local irritant action, drawing water from the tissues into the feces and reflexively stimulating evacuation. Glycerin decreases intraocular pressure by creating an osmotic gradient between the blood and intraocular fluid, causing fluid to move out of the aqueous and vitreous humors into the bloodstream.
Route of administration
  • Auricular (otic)
  • Cutaneous
  • Cutaneous; Intradermal; Subcutaneous
  • Dental
  • Alcohols
  • Carbohydrates
  • Chemical Actions and Uses
  • Cryoprotective Agents
  • Organic Chemicals
CAS number 56-81-5

Drug Targets

Name Sequence Search Pharmacological Action Actions
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor delta Search yes agonist
Drug Info/Drug Targets: DrugBank 3.0: a comprehensive resource for 'omics' research on drugs. Knox C, Law V, Jewison T, Liu P, Ly S, Frolkis A, Pon A, Banco K, Mak C, Neveu V, Djoumbou Y, Eisner R, Guo AC, Wishart DS. Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 Jan; 39 (Database issue):D1035-41. | PMID: 21059682